Medicinal Herb Chart

Over 499 Healing Herbs - Benefits, Side Effects and Uses



Medicinal Herb Chart


Anti-inflammatory Herbs

Inflammation is both a root cause and a symptom in a wide variety of health conditions. Eating a plant based diet and that includes herbs is in itself anti-inflammatory, as opposed to a meat and dairy heavy diet. Almost all herbs and plants are anti-inflammatory to some degree, some with a more pronounced action than others where the effect is secondary yet still an important part of the overall synergistic effect of the herb. Since this makes a complete listing of all plants with any inflammatory action quite long, the herbs listed below are just a subset of the more potent ones. Anti-inflammatory herbs can be used to decrease inflammation and painful swelling in arthritis , skin disorders, and may have an important role in the prevention of cancers and other serious conditions linked to chronic inflammation.


  • Alfalfa Alfalfa Medicago sativa L.
    Perennial Plant : Alfalfa is not recommended as primary treatment for any condition, alfalfa is a tonic herb, one that supports health by nourishing the body. Alfalfa is of special interest to women because of its estrogenic activity....
  • Aloe Vera Gel Aloe Vera Gel Aloe vera
    Tender Perennial succulent : Aloe vera gel is soothing, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial - helps heal acne, improve the appearance of wrinkles, and hydrate damaged skin....
  • Andiroba Oil Andiroba Oil Carapa guianensis
    : Andiroba oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and is an anti-inflammatory due to the presence of compounds known as limonoids....
  • Apple Apple Malus domestica Apple cider vinegar, wine vinegar
    : Two or three tablespoons of apple cider vinegar as a daily tonic works to decrease inflammation, increase metabolism, and may help to alleviate the crippling pain of arthritis....
  • Ashwagandha root Ashwagandha root Withania somnifera Ashwaganda, Ajagandha, Indian ginseng, Winter cherry
    Hardy annual/Tender perennial : Ashwagandha relaxes blood vessels, stimulates circulation, and has an anti-inflammatory and tonic effect in autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. ...
  • Balm of Gilead Balm of Gilead Populus spp Poplar Buds
    Evergreen tree : Popular is approved by Commission E for the topical treatment of minor cuts and abrasions, hemorrhoids, sunburns , frostbite, and other skin care needs....
  • Balsam of Peru Balsam of Peru Myroxylon pereirae Tolu Balsam
    Tropical Tree : Balsam of Peru, or Tolu, is used mainly in aromatherapy and perfumery for its vanilla and cinnamon scent. The resinous oil is antiseptic and healing to the skin....
  • Barberry Barberry Berberis vulgaris L. Huang Lian, Chinese Goldthread, Pepperidge-bush, Daru Haridra
    Shrub : Barberry, rich natural source of berberine, is known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial effects....
  • Barley Grass Barley Grass Hordeum vulgare
    Grass : Young barley grass is one of a group of 'green' or superfoods, along with wheat grass and blue green algae, that are characterized by their emerald green hues...
  • Bilberry Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus Huckleberry
    Shrub : Bilberries, along with black cherries, blueberries, and strawberries have proven their ability to reduce levels of uric acid and inflammation....
  • Birch bark & leaf Birch bark & leaf Betula alba White Birch, Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch
    Deciduous Tree : Birch is a natural pain reliever containing salicylate, the compound found in aspirin. Salicylate relieves the inflammation and pain....
  • Black Seed oil Black Seed oil Nigella sativa Kalonjii, Black cumin, black caraway, Roman-coriander, fennel-flower
    Annual Herb : Black seed is valued as one of the most excellent sources of the essential fatty acids that are vital to health. The oil is anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial....
  • Boneset Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Common Thorough wort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
    : Only the advent of aspirin displaced boneset as the popular choice for home remedies. Boneset is still one of the best herbal remedies for the flu and fevers. ...
  • Borage Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Borago officinalis
    Annual herb : Borage seed oil has the highest concentration of gamma linolenic acid (GLA) naturally found and can be used to correct EFA deficiencies in chronic inflammatory conditions....
  • Boswellia (Frankincense) Boswellia (Frankincense) Boswellia thurifera Olibanum, Indian Frankincense, Arabic Frankincense, and Salai guggal
    Resinous tree : Boswellia, or Indian frankincense, is one of the Ayurvedic gum resins which are referred to collectively as guggals. The gum resin extract has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties....
  • Bupleurum Bupleurum Bupleurum chinense chai hu, Chinese thorowax root
    Perennial herb : Bupleurum is an important Chinese tonic herb for the liver and circulatory system....
  • Calendula Calendula Calendula officinalis Pot marigold
    perennial herbaceous plants : Calendula is a particularly good treatment for cuts, scrapes, bruises, insect bites and minor wounds. The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of calendula make it a good face wash for dry, irritated skin and acne. ...
  • Cat's Claw Cat's Claw Uncaria tomentosa una de gato
    Tropical Vine : Cat's claw bark is traditionally used for inflammatory arthritis and intestinal complaints such as stomach ulcers....
  • Chamomile Chamomile Matricaria recutita Camomile, Chamomilla, German chamomile
    Annual herb : Chamomile contains compounds that are antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. The anti-inflammatory effect of the essential oil applied topically improves skin regeneration....
  • Chickweed Chickweed Stellaria media Starweed
    Annual/Perennial Herb : Chickweed is best known for it's ability to cool inflammation and speed healing for internal or external flare-ups....
  • Chicory root Chicory root Cichorium intybus Succory, Blue Sailors
    perennial herb : Know best as a caffeine-free substitute for coffee, chicory also has been used in traditional medicine as a bitter digestive tonic and a specific treatment for gallstones....
  • Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. sinense Mums, Ju Hua, Chu Hua,Florist's Chrysanthemum
    herbaceous perennial : We value the chrysanthemum for their burst of fall color that signals the approach of winter, but like many ornamental plants, chrysanthemums have an ancient reputation in the East as a medicinal plant. ...
  • Cilantro Cilantro Coriandrum sativum Chinese parsley, cilantro
    Annual Herb : The leaves of young cilantro plants, which resemble flat-leaved parsley, are staples in Mexican, Chinese and Thai cooking, as are the roots. ...
  • Copaiba Balsam Copaiba Balsam Copaifera Officinalis balsam, copaiva, Jesuit's balsam, copal, palo de aceite, capivi
    tropical tree : Copaiba oil resin contains caryophyllene, a phytochemical with strong anti-inflammatory, fungal and pain relieving properties....
  • Coptis Coptis Coptis spp Chinese goldthread, Huang Lian, Figwortflower,Canker Root
    perennial : The anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and anti-tumor effects of the berberine in Coptis chinensis are well documented and have been the subject of much cancer research in Japan and China....
  • Corn Silk Corn Silk Zea mays Indian Corn
    : Corn silks are the silky tassels running the length of an ear of corn. Those same strings you work so hard to get out of an ear of corn soothe and relax the urinary tubes, and are believed to have a beneficial effect on the kidneys....
  • Cornflowers Cornflowers Centaurea cyanus Bachelor’s-button, , bluebottle, bluebonnets
    Self-seeding annuals : The petals of cornflowers are the part used in herbal folklore. According to M. Grieve “ cornflowers are considered to have tonic, stimulant and emmenagogue properties, with action similar to that of Blessed Thistle.&...
  • Cumin Cumin Cuminum cyminum cummin
    herbaceous annual : Cumin is aromatic, containing up to 4 percent essential oil, warm, spicy and slightly sweet. ...
  • Devil's Claw Devil's Claw Harpagophytum procumbens grapple plant, wood spider
    perennial vine : Devils claw tubers contain a group of chemicals called iridoids that have anti-inflammatory activity. This herb has an extensive history of use as an anti-inflammatory, pain reliever, and digestive stimulant....
  • Echinacea Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia Purple coneflower
    Herb : Echinacea is most effect when taken at the first onset of cold, sinus, gum inflammation or other infection symptoms....
  • Feverfew Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium
    Perennial herb : Feverfew has been used in the treatment of headaches since the first century. It has also been used for inflammation, arthritis, menstrual discomforts, fever, and other aches and pains...
  • Figwort Figwort Scrophularia nodosa Carpenter's square
    Herbaceous perennial : Figwort is still used in salves and poultices to soothe inflamed skin in cases of psoriasis and eczema, and to heal burns....
  • Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba L.
    Tree : Allergies and asthma also improve with ginkgo. The herb contains a dozen different anti-inflammatory chemicals and seven natural antihistamines....
  • Grindelia Grindelia Grindelia spp Gumplant, tarweed, rosinweed
    scrub bush : Gridelia which grows wild in the Western states is better known as a external skin treatment for rashes, burns and insect bites. Gridelia was traditionally used for coughs and asthmatic conditions....
  • Immortelle Oil Immortelle Oil Helichrysum angustifolium Everlasting, Strawflower
    flowering plant : Known for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and regenerative properties, remarkable Helichrysum oil is used in many healing formulas from infection and inflammation in respiratory conditions, muscle pain, and arthritis....
  • Jamaican Dogwood Jamaican Dogwood Piscidia piscipula Florida Fishposion Tree
    : Jamaican dogwood bark is a strong analgesic, anti-inflamatory, and antispasmodic herb that that can be used to treat the pain of arthritis and can be used in cases of dysmenorrhea (painful periods). ...
  • Joe-pye weed Joe-pye weed Eupatorium purpureum Gravel or kidney root, Trumpet weed, purple or tall boneset
    Perennial : Joe Pye weed is named after a legendary Indian healer who used a decoction of the plant to cure typhus fever in colonial America. ...
  • Marsh Mallow Root Marsh Mallow Root Althaea officinalis L. Marshmallow, Wymote
    Perennial Herb : Mallow is both demulcent (soothing on the mucus membranes on the inside) and emollient (soothing to inflamed skin on the outside)....
  • Mullein Mullein Verbascum spp. Flannel Leaf, Mullein Dock, Aaron's Rod
    Biennial : Mullein tones and soothes irritated lungs and speeds healing of damaged tissues, which could help lungs damaged by smoking recover...
  • Oats Oats Avena sativa L. Groats. Oatmeal. Oatstraw
    : A simple poultice made from a muslin bag filled with oatmeal and chamomile flowers is one the most healing things you can use for damaged skin....
  • Oregon Grape root Oregon Grape root Mahonia aquifolium Mountain Grape, holly leaved barberry
    Evergreen shrub : One of the advantages to using preparations of the whole herb, as opposed to using products that only contain berberine extracts is that Oregon grape root contains tannins that ease inflammation, irritation, and itching of the skin....
  • Pineapple Pineapple Ananas comosus
    herbaceous perennial plant : Pineapple has been used as a medicinal plant in several native cultures. Pineapple contains a proteolytic enzyme bromelain, which digests food by breaking down protein....
  • Sarsaparilla Root Sarsaparilla Root Smilax sarsaparilla zarzaparrilla
    perennial trailing vine : Sarsaparilla makes a good all round tonic and there is research to substantiate its use for gout, arthritis, psoriasis, and other autoimmune disorders. ...
  • Sea Buckthorn Oil Sea Buckthorn Oil Hippophae rhamnoides Sallow Thorn, Yellow Spine
    deciduous shrub : Sea Buckthorn oil is used in healing skin injuries, burns, wounds, eczema, lesions, sun damaged skin, and abrasions. ...
  • Shea Nut Butter Shea Nut Butter Butyrospermum parkii Vitellaria, Karité
    tree : Shea butter is rich in vitamins, minerals and fatty acids that rejuvenate and hydrate skin and hair. Use shea butter to treat damaged skin, help heal wounds, or just pamper yourself . ...
  • Soapwort Soapwort Saponaria officinalis Bouncing Bet, Fuller's herb, Sweet William, Bruisewort, Old Maids Pink
    perennial plant, vespertine flower : Soapwort's use for gout and rheumatism is probably effective because of the anti-inflammatory and depurative properties of it's saponin content....
  • Spikenard Spikenard Aralia racemosa Indian Root, Spignet, Fleabane
    rhizomatous herbaceous perennial : Spikenard root has a mild, pleasant licorice like flavor, often used as a substitute for sarsaparilla, though unrelated botanically, Spikenard is a relative of ginseng....
  • Spilanthes Spilanthes Spilanthes acmella
    Tropical perennial : In Brazilian Spilanthes is commonly referred to as the toothache plant for its ability to numb the gums and mouth and calm tooth pain when the flower buds and new leaves are chewed. Spilanthes works in a similar fashion to echinacea in treating pain...
  • Tamanu Oil Tamanu Oil Calophyllum inophyllum Foraha, kamanu
    tree : Hawaiian Tamanu nut oil hydrates dry skin and has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the swelling of rashes, insect bites, and sunburns....
  • Turmeric Turmeric Curcuma longa L. Curcuma, Indian saffron
    herbaceous perennial plant : Turmeric contains at least two chemicals, curcumin and curcuminoids, that act to decrease inflammation and inhibit the production of prostaglandins which are linked to arthritic inflammation....
  • White Peony root White Peony root Paeonia albiflora Bai Shao Yao, Peony root, and Chinese Peony
    herbaceous perennial : The white peony is one of the oldest remedies in traditional Chinese medicine. Peony root is the part valued in Chinese medicine to treat conditions such as abnormal menses, night sweats, abdominal pain, sores and injuries....
  • White Willow Bark White Willow Bark Salix Alba
    Deciduous tree : White willow works slower but lasts longer than aspirin and has less side gastronomic side effects due to the large amounts of tannins that protect the stomach. ...
  • Wild Cherry Bark Wild Cherry Bark Prunus serotina Black Cherry, chokecherry
    Deciduous Tree : Wild black cherry is a very effective herbal cough remedy. The main use of the bark is to still irritated, nagging coughs. ...
  • Witch Hazel Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana Spotted Alder, Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut
    Deciduous shrub : Witch hazel is a general and all purpose first aid remedy for abrasions, burns, scalds, insect bites and other inflammatory conditions of the skin. Witch hazel also forms the base of varicose vein treatments....
  • Yarrow Yarrow Achillea millefolium Milfoil, Old Man's Pepper, Nosebleed
    Perennial herb : The chemical makeup of yarrow is complex, and it contains many active medicinal compounds that are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and help relax blood vessels....
  • Yucca Root Yucca Root Yucca spp Adam's Needle, Soap Tree, Mojave yucca
    Monocot perennial shrub : Constituents isolated from Yucca schidigera bark have anti-inflammatory properties and anti-tumor properties that may be important in further cancer research. ...