Medicinal Herb Chart

Over 499 Healing Herbs - Benefits, Side Effects and Uses



Medicinal Herb Chart

Herbs listed by Botanical Name

A_ B_ C_ D_ E_ F_ G_ H_ I_ J_ K_ L_ M_ N_ O_ P_ Q_ R_ S_ T_ U_ V_ W_ X_ Y_ Z_

List of Herbs by Common Name

Medicinal Plants Herbs Listing By Botanical Name

Use this alphabetical herb chart to find information on the healing properties and actions of medicinal plants.


  • Maple Acer saccharinum, Maple : Sugar maple, mountain maple, box elder
    Deciduous tree : The mountain maple or sugar maple is the best known maple species for producing maple syrup...
  • Argemone - Prickly Poppy Argemone mexicana, Argemone - Prickly Poppy : Mexican Poppy, bluestem
    Annual Herb : Like other members of the poppy family, the prickly poppy has a long history as a traditional medicine....
  • Fringe tree Chionanthus virginicus, Fringe tree : Old Man's beard, Snowdrop tree
    Tree : The roots of the fringe tree are dried and used to treat liver and gallbladder disease in traditional American folk medicine, often in combination with barberry and other herbs containing berberine....
  • Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.)Mill., Balsam Fir : Christmas tree, North American fir
    Evergreen tree : As a popular Christmas tree the balsam fir is noted for its aromatic needles and pleasing shape. It is even more notable for its benefits and uses in home herbal medicine....
  • Acacia Acacia senegal, Acacia : Gum Arabic, Cassie flower, Catechu, Egyptian thorn
    Shrub : Herbalists use acacia gum to bind pills and lozenges and to stabilize emulsions. It is also used in aromatherapy for applying essential oils...
  • Yarrow Achillea millefolium, Yarrow : Milfoil, Old Man's Pepper, Nosebleed
    Perennial herb : Yarrow is one of the best-known herbal remedies for fevers and bleeding. The chemical makeup of yarrow is complex, containing many active medicinal compounds ...
  • Calamus root Acorus calamus, Calamus root : Sweet Sledge. Sweet Myrtle, Sweet Flag
    perennial wetland monocot : Sweet flag, or calamus has been in use worldwide in Asian European and Native American herbal traditions since the times of ancient Greece...
  • Maidenhair Fern Adiantum capillus-veneris, Maidenhair Fern : Venus hair fern, True maidenhair fern
    fern : its history as a botanical reaches back to Dioscordies who prescribed it for pectoral complaints...
  • Horse Chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum, Horse Chestnut : Buckeye
    Tree : Horse chestnut is valued in herbal medicine for its ability to tone and strength veins and capillaries...
  • Agaricus blazei mushroom Agaricus blazei, Agaricus blazei mushroom : Himematsutake, (Japan) Cogumelo do Sol (Brazil)
    mushroom : Agaricus blazei is one of the most popular medicinal and culinary mushrooms with a delicious almond extract flavor and meaty texture. ...
  • Buchu Agathosma betulina, Buchu :
    Woody perennial : The leaves of the buchu are an effective diuretic, are antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. These medicinal properties make Buchu effective in the treatment of bladder infections, kidney infections, urinary tract infections (UTI). Buchu is also often us...
  • Agave syrup Agave tequilana, spp, Agave syrup : Agave nectar, Agave syrup
    Cactus : Agave is favored as a sweetener to replace honey by vegans and is used in many natural and organic food products as a sweetener....
  • Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria L., Agrimony : Liverwort, cockleburr, sticklewort
    Herbaceous Perennial : This most famous of the medieval wound herbs is a member of the rose family and like all it's more glamorous relatives is highly astringent. Agrimony is mild enough to use for children and strong enough stop bleeding from cuts and heavy menstruation. Agri...
  • Couch grass Agropyron repens, Couch grass : Twitch grass, witchgrass, dog's grass, scutch, quackgrass
    Perennial Grass : Couch grass it valued by herbalists for its mucilage rich rhizome....
  • Lady's Mantle Alchemilla vulgaris, Lady's Mantle : Leontopodium, Stellaria
    Perennial : Lady's Mantle is found both in the wild and in cultivated gardens. It has a time honored traditional use as a woman's healing herb that helps to alleviate painful menstruation...
  • Unicorn Root - Colic Root Aletris farinosa, Unicorn Root - Colic Root : Star grass, ague-root, true unicorns root, devils bit
    Perennial Monocot : The bitter tasting roots are known best as a female tonic, and a useful uterine sedative ...
  • Kukui Nut Oil Aleurites moluccanus, Kukui Nut Oil : Candlenut, Indian-walnut, candleberry
    Tropical tree : Kukui oil is expeller expressed from the nuts, and is light yellow with an amber tint. The oil penetrates skin deeply to hydrate and soften and is used as an emollient in skin care....
  • Garlic Allium sativum, Garlic : Poor Man's Treacle, Bawang, Bauang
    Monocot Perennial : Readily available and inexpensive garlic may be the first line of defense in treating high blood pressure, and dealing with common skin and fungal infections....
  • Aloe Vera Gel Aloe vera, Aloe Vera Gel :
    Tender Perennial succulent : The leaf juices of the aloe plant have important medicinal uses, making aloe one of the most respected medicinal plants found in many gels, creams and lotions....
  • Lemon Verbena Aloysia citriodora, Lemon Verbena : vervain
    Tender perennial woody shrub : Lemon verbena is used primarily as a culinary herb, but it also makes a delightful medicinal herb tea...
  • Galangal Root Alpinia officinarum, Galangal Root : Galanga, lesser galangal, Blue ginger, Chinese ginger
    Tropical perennial : Galangal is a sub tropical Asian member of the Ginger family. Herbalists consider the galangal root antispasmodic and antibacterial, and recommend its use in cases of dyspepsia (upset stomach or indigestion) and l...
  • Marsh Mallow Root Althaea officinalis L., Marsh Mallow Root : Marshmallow, Wymote
    Perennial Herb : Marshmallow is a soothing and healing plant mainly due to it's high mucilage content. Marshmallow is added to cough and cold formulations for the treatment of harsh coughs, it acts as a mild expectorant and helps coat sore throats. Marshmallow's tannins ...
  • Cashew Nut Anacardium occidentale, Cashew Nut : Cajueiro, jambu
    Evergreen tree : Cashews are more than a healthy snack. Extracts of the nut contain naturally occurring analogs of the latest diabetes drugs....
  • Pineapple Ananas comosus, Pineapple :
    herbaceous perennial plant : Pineapple has been used as a medicinal plant in several native cultures. Pineapple contains a proteolytic enzyme bromelain, which digests food by breaking down protein....
  • Andrographis Andrographis paniculata, Andrographis : Creat, chuan xin lian, Kan jang, Kalmegha
    small annual shrub : Andrographis paniculata is an herb native to the Indian subcontinent and is used in Ayurveda,the ancient (before 2500 b.c.) Indian system of health care and longevity. ...
  • Dill Anethum graveolens, Dill :
    Annual Herb : Mouthwatering dill is carminative, it eases gas pains, bloating and settles the stomach. Both the leaves (dill weed) and seeds are used as a seasoning....
  • Angelica root Angelica archangelica, Angelica root : Choraka
    Biennial/Tender Perennial herb : Angelica is a good herb to add to treatments for colds, congestion, and fevers. Angelica root is warming and stimulating to the lungs, helping to ease chest congestion...
  • Dong Quai Angelica sinensis, Dong Quai : Chinese Angelica, Dang-gui
    Herbaceous perennial : Since ancient times, dang-quai has been an important herb for women. For menopausal women it addresses symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings...
  • Rosewood Oil Aniba rosaeodora, Rosewood Oil : Bois de Rose
    tree : ...
  • Chervil anthriscus cerefolium, Chervil : chervel, sweet cicely
    Annual Herb : Although chervil is considered to be foremost a culinary herb, is also has a history of use in herbal medicine. ...
  • Celery Seed Apium graveolens, Celery Seed :
    herb : Celery seed helps rid the body of uric acid that often causes pain and inflammation in gout and arthritis. It acts as a natural diuretic and helps to increase circulation....
  • Spikenard Aralia racemosa, Spikenard : Indian Root, Spignet, Fleabane
    rhizomatous herbaceous perennial : Spikenard root has a mild, pleasant licorice like flavor, often used as a substitute for sarsaparilla, though unrelated botanically, Spikenard is a relative of ginseng....
  • Burdock root Arctium lappa, Burdock root : Niu Bang Zi, Go Bo, Gobo
    Biennial : Burdock helps to cleanse the body from the inside out and is most useful in those conditions that can be traced back to liver disorders or a general overload of toxins in the system....
  • Uva Ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Uva Ursi : Bearberry
    Woody Evergreen Shrub : Uva ursi contains a considerable amount of tannins ( up to 40 percent) making it one of natures most powerful astringents. Uva usi is a strong herb that should be reserved for those times when a quick intervention is needed....
  • Argan Oil Argania spinosa, Argan Oil :
    Evergreen Tree : Argan oil softens and soothes, decreasing wrinkles and stretch marks. Argan oil is rich in vitamin E and fatty acids, as well...
  • Snakeroot Aristolochia spp, Snakeroot : Virginia snakeroot, birthworts, pipevines or Dutchman's pipes
    evergreen and deciduous woody vines and herbaceous perennials : Snakeroot was used in early America in adjunct to quinine to promote perspiration and break fevers, and treat snakebites. Other Aristolochia spp have been used in TCM. ...
  • Horseradish root Armoracia rusticana, Horseradish root :
    perennial plant : Grated, fresh horseradish is pungent source of mustard oil, and is used in herbal kitchen medicine in much the same way as mustard. Horseradish may be one of the fastest ways to clear congested sinuses, and its antibiotic properties helps to h...
  • Arnica oil Arnica montana, Arnica oil : leopard's bane,mountain tobacco
    Perennial Herb : One of the best known herbal sports medicines, arnica has dramatic results if used immediately after an injury....
  • Wormwood Artemisia absinthium L., Wormwood :
    Perennial Herb : Wormwood is used today mainly as a bitter tonic, and in natural pest control. As the name implies, wormwood is a powerful worming agent that has been used for hundreds of years to expel tapeworms, threadworms, and especially roundworms from dogs, cats, hu...
  • Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus, Tarragon :
    Perennial Herb : Tarragon is a culinary star in French cuisine and best used fresh....
  • Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris, Mugwort : St. John's Plant
    herbaceous perennial : Mugwort is a favorite herb of wise women, most widely known for its affinity for the female reproductive system. It is used widely both in western and eastern herbal traditions ...
  • Spirulina Arthrospira platensis, Spirulina : Blue Green Algae, Cyanobacteria, BGA
    Algea : Spirulina a popular nutritional supplement with good reason. Spirulina is a rich source of essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals and plant proteins....
  • Wild Ginger Asarum canadense, Wild Ginger : Canadian snakeroot
    Herbaceous perennial : Wild ginger is a native American plant whose medicinal qualities were known to many Indian tribes....
  • Milkweed Asclepias syriaca, A. cornuti, Milkweed :
    Perennial Dicot : All the plant members of the milkweed family have similar properties, however, milkweed, Asclepias syriaca is better known as the preferred food of the milkweed butterfly (Danaus plexippus). ...
  • Pleurisy Root Asclepias tuberosa, Pleurisy Root : Butterfly-weed. Swallow-wort, Tuber root, Wind root, Colic root, Orange Milkweed
    Perennial herb : Known popularly as pleurisy root, from its medicinal use against a wide range of respiratory and lung conditions, specifically pleurisy...
  • Rooibos Aspalathus linearis, Rooibos : Redbush Tea, Red tea
    Perennial Woody bush : The distinctive red color and sweet taste of Rooibos makes this African import a healthy, caffeine free drink suitable for the whole family...
  • Asparagus Asparagus spp , Asparagus : Satavari
    Flowering Perennial : There are over 300 species in the asparagus family, many are used medicinally, grown as ornaments or eaten as vegetables, the most well-known species, Asparagus officinalis, commonly referred to as just asparagus....
  • Astragalus root astragalus membranaceus, Astragalus root : Huang qi , yellow leader
    herbaceous perennial : Astragalus is especially useful for strengthening the body against viral infections of the respiratory tract and heart. ...
  • Belladonna Atropa belladonna, Belladonna : Deadly nightshade
    Perennial sub shrub : Belladonna, or deadly nightshade is no longer used in herbal medicine. Its leaves, roots and black berries are dangerous....
  • Oats Avena sativa L., Oats : Groats. Oatmeal. Oatstraw
    : Oats have always had a reputation as a wholesome, healthy food. The grain is a rich source of complex sugars used by the body. Green oatstraw teas, oatstraw glycerin tincture, and oatmeal poultices and baths...
  • Neem Azadirachta Indica, Neem : Margosa, Neem oil
    tree : Neem oil is rich, thick and protective of skin and hair. Use it as a topical treatment for athletes foot, scabies and any fungal infections of the skin. Neem contains essential fatty acids and Vitamin E that moisturize and protects skin. Neem also acts as...
  • Bacopa Bacopa monnieri, Bacopa : Water hyssop, Brahmi
    perennial succulent : A traditional Ayurvedic medicine commonly used to treat mental illness and epilepsy...
  • Barberry Berberis vulgaris L., Barberry : Huang Lian, Chinese Goldthread, Pepperidge-bush, Daru Haridra
    Shrub : Both Chinese goldthread (native to the mountains of Szechwan province in China) and the barberry known in Europe and North America are rich natural sources of berberine....
  • Birch bark & leaf Betula alba, Birch bark & leaf : White Birch, Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch
    Deciduous Tree : Teas of the birch bark contain salicylate, the compound found in aspirin. Birch is valued for its detoxifying actions and is used to treat UTIs, skin eruptions, and pain....
  • Annatto Seed Bixa orellana , Annatto Seed : achiote, lipstick tree
    Tree : Annatto is widely used in Caribbean and Latin cuisines. Recado rojo or achiote paste is a popular blend of spices from Yucatán region of Southern Mexico...
  • Borage Seed Oil Borago officinalis, Borage Seed Oil :
    Annual herb : Borage seed oil is used both as skin treatment and a dietary supplement. Known for its naturally high GLA content, borage is recommended for use in autoimmune conditions....
  • Boswellia (Frankincense) Boswellia thurifera, Boswellia (Frankincense) : Olibanum, Indian Frankincense, Arabic Frankincense, and Salai guggal
    Resinous tree : Boswellic acids are often combined with glucosamine to relieve the joint pain and inflammation of arthritis...
  • Canola oil rapeseed Brassica napus, Canola oil rapeseed :
    : Like soybean, canola contains both high oil content as well as high protein content....
  • Mustard Brassica nigra, Mustard : Mustard Seed, Brown mustard
    : Pungent mustard oil is antibacterial and antifungal, warm and stimulating....
  • Ramon Nut Brosimum alicastrum, Ramon Nut : Maya nut, breadnut
    Tree : Ramon nut powder is a highly nutritious food that has been used as a famine food and crop since the time of the Mayans. Today the chocolate-like taste is enjoyed as a non-caffeine coffee substitute....
  • Bupleurum Bupleurum chinense, Bupleurum : chai hu, Chinese thorowax root
    Perennial herb : Bupleurum is an important Chinese tonic herb for the liver and circulatory system....
  • Shea Nut Butter Butyrospermum parkii, Shea Nut Butter : Vitellaria, Karité
    tree : Shea butter is rich in vitamins, minerals and fatty acids that rejuvenate and hydrate skin and hair. Use shea butter to treat damaged skin, help heal wounds, or just pamper yourself . ...
  • Calendula Calendula officinalis, Calendula : Pot marigold
    perennial herbaceous plants : Calendula flower oil is one of the first herbs to consider in minor first aid applications. Particularly good treatment for cuts, scrapes, bruises, and minor wounds....
  • Tamanu Oil Calophyllum inophyllum, Tamanu Oil : Foraha, kamanu
    tree : Fiji natives believed the Tamanu tree was a sacred gift of nature and that gods hid in its branches. It was their answer to skin protection from hot sun, high humidity and ocean wind....
  • Tea Camellia sinensis, Tea : Green Tea, Black tea
    Evergreen Shrub : Black tea, Oolong/Wu long tea and green and white teas are all from the same plant, Camellia sinensis. The health benefits of tea are mainly credited to the catechin polyphenols, particularly epigallocatechin gallate, or (EGCG). Plant ...
  • Oolong Tea Camellia sinensis, Oolong Tea : Wu Long, Wu Yi Tea
    Shrub : It is true that Oolong/Wu Long tea not only boosts metabolism and suppresses sugar cravings, but it may also burn fat....
  • Ylang-Ylang Cananga adorata, Ylang-Ylang :
    Tropical Tree : Ylang-ylang oil is distilled from the early morning, fresh-picked flowers of the cananga tree. Ylang-ylang oil is stimulating, yet relaxing with antiseptic and aphrodisiac properties....
  • Hemp Oil Cannabis sativa, Hemp Oil :
    Annual Herb : Perhaps the most valued property of hemp (Cannabis sativa) is its percentage of essential fatty acids, which is higher than any other plant in the world. Although Cannabis sativa is illegal in the United States because of the dried leaves intoxica...
  • Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris, Shepherd's Purse : Pickpurse, Casewort
    Annual Herb : Shepherd's purse is one of the foremost herbs used to stop bleeding an effect due to the tyramine and other amines it contains...
  • Cayenne Pepper Capsicum minimum, Cayenne Pepper : Capsicum ,African Pepper, Chillies, Bird Pepper
    Tender perennial shrub : Capsicum, an extract from cayenne and other peppers, can dramatically reduce chronic nerve pain, and is effective against chronic pain like arthritis and neuralgia...
  • Caralluma Caralluma fimbriata, Caralluma :
    Succulent : Today, most interest is centered on caralluma's use as an appetite suppressant. Caralluma works in much the same way as hoodia, both hoodia and caralluma contain preganane glycosides, thought to aid in weight loss....
  • Andiroba Oil Carapa guianensis, Andiroba Oil :
    : Andiroba oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and is an anti-inflammatory due to the presence of compounds known as limonoids....
  • Papaya Carica papaya, Papaya : Papaw, Melon Tree, Papaya Vulgaris
    Tropical tree-like plant : Papaya fruit offers not only the luscious taste but is a rich source of antioxidants. Papaya leaf is used as a dewormer....
  • Safflower Oil Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower Oil :
    Flowering annual : Safflowers are the richest source of CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) . Safflower oil is used for both culinary and body care purposes...
  • Caraway Seed Carum carvi, Caraway Seed :
    herb : Caraway, source of the crunchy seeds atop dark rye bread, is also one of the best carminative herbs, acting to prevent gas and bloating. Caraway is a good remedy for colds and congestion and helps to relax the muscles that cause coughing spasms....
  • Cassia Nomame Cassia nomame, Cassia Nomame : Hama-cha, Kita; nomame herba; Mimosoides tea
    : Native to China and originally produced in the south of the Changjiang river an extract of this herb is showing up in many weight loss and diet formulations as a natural lipase (fat) inhibitor. ...
  • Blue Cohosh Root Caulophyllum thalictroides, Blue Cohosh Root : squaw root
    Perennial herb : Blue cohosh is generally used in combination with other herbs, often black cohosh, to treat menstrual disorders. The herb is one of the traditional herbs often used to induce labor....
  • Red Root Ceanothus americanus, Red Root : New Jersey tea, Wild Snowball
    Shrub : Red root is an astringent, expectorant and antispasmodic and is used by modern herbalists in the treatment of complaints such as asthma, bronchitis and coughs....
  • Cedarwood, Atlas Cedrus atlantica, Cedarwood, Atlas : Atlas cedar
    Evergreen Tree : Cedarwood is known for use in problem skin, as an insect repellent and as an inhalant in respiratory complaints....
  • Cornflowers Centaurea cyanus, Cornflowers : Bachelor’s-button, , bluebottle, bluebonnets
    Self-seeding annuals : The petals of cornflowers are the part used in herbal folklore. According to M. Grieve “ cornflowers are considered to have tonic, stimulant and emmenagogue properties, with action similar to that of Blessed Thistle.&...
  • Centaury Centaurium erythraea, Centaury : Erythraea centaurium, bitterherb, centaury gentian
    Annual/Biennial Herb : bitter tonic effect on the digestive system. A gentle laxative, and an excellent remedy for heartburn...
  • Gotu Kola Centella asiatica (L.) , Gotu Kola : Indian Pennywort, Brahmi
    : Gotu kola is widely used in Ayurvedic medicine and TCM to rejuvenate both mind and body. Clinical experiments have shown that the plant does improve memory, and rejuvenate skin and body tissue....
  • Carob Ceratonia siliqua, Carob : Locust Bean, St.John's-Bread
    Evergreen tree : Carob is widely used as a healthy substitute for chocolate, and can be used in much the same manner as cocoa powder and is lower in calories...
  • False Unicorn Root Chamaelirium luteum, False Unicorn Root :
    Perennial herb : A treasured woman's botanical, false unicorn is widely used to treat a variety of problems unique to the female reproductive system...
  • Celandine Chelidonium majus, Celandine : Greater or common celandine
    Biennial Herb : Celandine was used more extensively in the past than it is now, due to concerns about toxicity. Celandine is most often used by modern herbalists for treating gallbladder problems....
  • Epazote Chenopodium ambrosioides, Epazote : Wormseed, Jesuit's Tea, Mexican Tea, Herba Sancti Mariæ
    Annual or short-lived perennial : The use of epazote can be traced back to the Aztecs. Epazote contains up to 70% ascaridole, which gives it a similar character to boldo, another pungent herb ...
  • Oxeye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Oxeye Daisy : marguerite, moon daisy
    Perennial Wildflower : The balsamic flowers were once much more used as a country simple than today, when the flowers, stalks and leaves were used to make an infusion to relieve chronic coughs...
  • Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. sinense, Chrysanthemum : Mums, Ju Hua, Chu Hua,Florist's Chrysanthemum
    herbaceous perennial : We value the chrysanthemum for their burst of fall color that signals the approach of winter, but like many ornamental plants, chrysanthemums have an ancient reputation in the East as a medicinal plant. ...
  • Chicory root Cichorium intybus, Chicory root : Succory, Blue Sailors
    perennial herb : Know best as a caffeine-free substitute for coffee, chicory also has been used in traditional medicine as a bitter digestive tonic and a specific treatment for gallstones....
  • Black Cohosh root Cimicifuga racemosa, Black Cohosh root : Black snake root, Squaw Root, Bugbane
    Perennial Herb : Black cohosh contains numerous chemical constituents; among them isoflavones which mimic hormonal activity. Black cohosh cools hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause...
  • Peruvian Bark Cinchona spp, Peruvian Bark : Red Bark. Jesuits' Powder. Cinchona Bark
    Tree : Peruvian Bark, is the historical name of the main active principle, quinine....
  • Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, Camphor :
    Evergreen Tree : When first applied camphor oil numbs and cools the peripheral nerve endings, then warms the painful area as it stimulates circulation to cold, stiff muscles and limbs....
  • Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum, C. cassia, Cinnamon : Cassia Bark, Sweet cinnamon
    Evergreen Tropical Tree : Cinnamon is recommended for treating weak digestion, low appetite and stomach upsets. It has powerful antibacterial and antiviral properties and may help lower blood sugar....
  • Lime Oil Citrus aurantifolia, Lime Oil :
    Citrus tree : The lime fruit is antiscorbutic, (high in Vitamin C). The delightful, tangy, citrus aroma of lime essential oil is used in aromatherapy to compliment or substitute for the lemon....
  • Neroli Citrus aurantium subsp. amara or Bigaradia, Neroli :
    Citrus tree : Neroli's rich and lovely aroma make it an ideal scent...
  • Bergamot Oil Citrus bergamia, Bergamot Oil :
    Citrus tree : The fresh, citrus scent of bergamot essential oil is beneficial for anxiety and depression, and very useful as an anti-infectious agent....
  • Petitgrain Oil Citrus brigarade, Petitgrain Oil : Bigarde
    Citrus tree : Petitgrain oil is distilled from the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange tree, the flowers of which also yield neroli ...
  • Lemon Citrus limonum, Lemon :
    Fruit Tree : Lemon is used in herbal medicine to help build immunity against colds, influenza, and other viral infections. Lemon has high vitamin C content, antibacterial and astringent properties...
  • Grapefruit Citrus paradisi, Grapefruit :
    Evergreen subtropical tree : Grapefruit increases circulation, stimulates the lymphatic system, and may help to regulate body weight with regular use. It is also a good source of the antioxidant vitamin C....
  • Orange Citrus sinensis, Citrus spp., Orange : Mandarin Orange, Tangerine
    tree : Oranges are a healthy source of vitamin C and other nutrients, as well as one of the most versatile aromatherapy oils. Orange peel is used as a zest in cooking and as a tea....
  • Bitter Orange Citrus x aurantium subsp. amara, Bitter Orange :
    Citrus Tree : The flowers of the bitter orange yield the essential oil, Neroli, and the peel yields Birgarade. ...
  • Blessed Thistle Cnicus benedictus, Blessed Thistle : Holy thistle, St. Benedict's thistle
    Annual Herb : Blessed thistle is a bitter tonic, and as such is an excellent herb to use for both the liver and digestion...
  • Ivy gourd Coccinia grandis, Ivy gourd :
    Gourd : Ivy gourd is used in Ayurvedic medicine and Asian cuisine in a very similar manner to that of bitter melon...
  • Coconut oil Cocos nucifera, Coconut oil :
    tree : Coconut oil works wonders for dry and damaged skin, cuts, bruises, and speeds the healing while it fights infection. Coconut oil is different from other saturated fats because it is composed of medium-chain fatty acids, MCFAs....
  • Codonopsis Codonopsis pilosula, Codonopsis : Dang Shen, tangshen, Bastard Ginseng, bonnet bellflowers
    perennial vine : Codonopsis is a relatively inexpensive herb that is often substituted for Panax ginseng in herbal tonics. It is believed to have an action similar to that of Ginseng, but milder....
  • Coffee Coffea arabica, Coffee : java, joe
    : Coffee is probably the most popular drug in the world, Americans consume the equivalent of 500 cups per person...
  • Kola Nut Cola acuminata, Kola Nut :
    Tree : Kola nuts contain caffeine which may explain their popular use in energy tonics. Native to Africa....
  • Myrrh Commiphora myrrha, Myrrh :
    tree : One of the three gifts of the Three Magi, Myrrh was used in religious rituals in ancient Egypt, Myrrh's antifungal, antiseptic and astringent help treatment of infections...
  • Jalap Convolvulus Jalapa, Jalap : Jalap Bindweed
    climbing vine : Jalap has been known in Europe since the beginning of the 17th century for it's strong cathartic and purgative action...
  • Copaiba Balsam Copaifera Officinalis, Copaiba Balsam : balsam, copaiva, Jesuit's balsam, copal, palo de aceite, capivi
    tropical tree : Copaiba is used topically to relieve inflammation and help heal athlete's foot, eczema and psoriasis, and heals damaged skin with minimal scarring. ...
  • Coptis Coptis spp, Coptis : Chinese goldthread, Huang Lian, Figwortflower,Canker Root
    perennial : Coptis root is used in much the same manner as other berberine containing herbs; barberry, goldenseal, and Oregon grape root....
  • Cilantro Coriandrum sativum, Cilantro : Chinese parsley, cilantro
    Annual Herb : The leaves of young cilantro plants, which resemble flat-leaved parsley, are staples in Mexican, Chinese and Thai cooking, as are the roots. ...
  • Coriander Coriandrum sativum, Coriander : Chinese parsley, Cilantro
    herb : Coriander (seeds) and Cilantro (leaves) are names for different parts of the same plant, Corlandrum sativum, a naturally healing food in both forms....
  • Corydalis Corydalis spp, Corydalis : fumewort, Yan Hu So
    perennial herbaceous flowering plant : Corydalis a member of poppy family, and like many Papaverceae Corydalis is an anodyne, a central nervous system depressant, cardiotonic, and sedative. ...
  • Hazelnut Oil Corylus avellana, Hazelnut Oil :
    Tree : Hazelnut oil is a good carrier oil in aromatherapy applications, it has a slightly astringent action that is good for all skin types, but especially for those with oily skin...
  • Hawthorn Berry Crataegus monogyna, Hawthorn Berry : Mayblossom, whitethorn, Red Haw; Mayflower
    Tree : Hawthorn berries have been used as a heart tonics for thousands of years, and remain one of our most valued herbal heart tonics. ...
  • Saffron Crocus sativus, Saffron :
    crocus : Saffron, the world's most expensive spice, is derived from the dried stigma of the flower of the saffron crocus. Traditional uses of saffron extend far beyond the kitchen. ...
  • Pumpkin Seed Cucurbita pepo, Pumpkin Seed :
    Gourd : Pumpkin seed oil is a nutritious source of vitamins and minerals and well as both Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. Pumpkin seed may be best known as a natural approach to treating prostate problems....
  • Cumin Cuminum cyminum, Cumin : cummin
    herbaceous annual : Cumin is aromatic, containing up to 4 percent essential oil, warm, spicy and slightly sweet. ...
  • Cypress Oil Cupressus sempervirens, Cypress Oil :
    tree : Cypress is best known for it's use in oily and over hydrated skin and is one of the essential oils often recommended for cellulite massage blends, treatment of varicose veins and wounds...
  • Turmeric Curcuma longa L., Turmeric : Curcuma, Indian saffron
    herbaceous perennial plant : Turmeric is a mild aromatic stimulant used in the manufacture of curry powders and mustards.The curcumin in turmeric has recently been shown effective in the fight against breast cancer, Alzheimer's and arthritis...
  • HoneyBush Cyclopia spp, HoneyBush :
    Perennial Shrub : Honeybush is a healthy, caffeine-free red tea containing Vitamin C, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium....
  • Lemongrass Cymopogon citratus, C.flexuosus, Lemongrass : lemongrass
    grass : Lemongrass is a well-known medicinal and culinary herb in the east. In Ayurveda lemongrass with pepper has been used for relief of menstrual troubles and nausea....
  • Artichoke, Globe Cynara scolymus, Artichoke, Globe :
    Perennial thistle : The artichoke is a common vegetable that also had traditional uses in herbal medicine. A tea made from the leaves of the artichoke plant is a traditional tonic for the liver and gallbladder. The diuretic properties of the artichoke are useful in ki...
  • Datura Datura spp, Datura : Jimsonweed, metel nut, Thorn Apple
    herbaceous : Datura are potent members of the Solanaceae family, relatives of other well known narcotic plants such as henbane and mandrake....
  • Carrot, Wild Daucus carota L., Carrot, Wild : Wild Carrot; Queen Anne's Lace; Bird's-nest
    Perennial Herb : Domesticated carrots are not the same species as the wild carrot, commonly know as Queen Annes Lace, whose seed is the part used medicinally...
  • foxglove digatalis Digitalis purpurea, foxglove digatalis :
    : Digitalis was introduced as a medicinal plant by William Withering in 1758....
  • Wild Yam Root Dioscorea villosa, Wild Yam Root : Colic root, rheumatism root
    Perennial Vine : Wild yam root is a potent source of diosgenin that was used in the manufacture of the first oral contraceptives...
  • Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea : Purple coneflower
    Herb : There are dozens of dozens of biochemical compounds that act in therapeutic synergy in this complex plant that support disease resistance in several ways...
  • Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum, Cardamom :
    : Cardamom is an incredibly rich yet light aromatic spice and essential oil. Like its close relative ginger, cardamom is well known for relief of nausea, especially morning sickness in pregnancy. ...
  • Eleuthero Root Eleutherococcus senticosus, Eleuthero Root : Siberian ginseng, Ci-wu-jia, Wu Jia Shen Jing
    herb : Eleuthero is used to increase energy and vitality and to treat respiratory and other infections. In traditional Chinese medicine, eleuthero is considered good for vital chi ...
  • Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium, Fireweed : Great or Spiked Willow-herb
    Perennial : The perennial, willowlike leaves of fireweed grow quickly to cover any burned ground with bright pink blossoms. The leaves were used for a traditional tea in Russia....
  • Epimedium Epimedium grandiflorum, Epimedium : horny goat weed, xian ling pi, and yin yang huo
    : Epimedium, also known as Yin Yang Huo or Horny Goat Weed, is a powerful remedy in Traditional Chinese Medicine and has been used for thousands of years to promote male potency and as an aphrodisiac....
  • Horsetail Equisetum arvense, Horsetail : Shavegrass
    Grass : Gently stimulating increased urinary flow, horsetail helps flush infectious bacteria out of the bladder without altering the body's balance of electrolytes...
  • Catuaba Erythroxylum catuaba, Catuaba : caramuru, catagu, catigu, catigua, chuchuhuasha, pau de reposta, or tatuaba
    tree : Catuaba is the most famous of the Brazilian aphrodisiac plants, noted for it's ability to strengthen erections....
  • Coca, cocaine Erythroxylum coca, Coca, cocaine : cocaine
    : Coca leaves have been used as a stimulant by the indigenous people of Peru, Bolivia, and northern Argentina for centuries; it also has religious and symbolic significance....
  • California Poppy Eschscholzia californica, California Poppy : Gold Poppy
    Tender Perennial : The above ground parts and roots of this wildflower show promise in the treatment of insomnia without the side effects and dependency risks of sleep aids....
  • Eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus, Eucalyptus : Eucalyptus
    tree : Eucalyptus is one of the best known cold and congestion remedies. Eucalyptus oil is also a good pain reliever for sore muscles and arthritis pain....
  • Jambul Eugenia Jambolana, Jambul :
    evergreen tropical tree : Practitioners of Ayurveda in India value jambul for lowering blood sugar and researchers are investigating its potential as a male contraceptive....
  • Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum, Boneset : Common Thorough wort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
    : This Native American remedy for colds and fever was adopted by early settlers to America. Only the advent of aspirin displaced boneset as the popular choice for colds and fever....
  • Joe-pye weed Eupatorium purpureum, Joe-pye weed : Gravel or kidney root, Trumpet weed, purple or tall boneset
    Perennial : Joe Pye weed is named after a legendary Indian healer who used a decoction of the plant to cure typhus fever in colonial America. ...
  • Eyebright Euphrasia, various species, Eyebright :
    Annual herbaceous flowering plant : Eyebright is often used as an eyewash or in a compress to treat sore, itchy eyes. Eyebright infusions can be taken as a tea, or used as an eyewash or compress...
  • Acai Berry Euterpe oleracea, Acai Berry : Acai Berry, jussara, Açaí
    Palm Tree : Freeze dried Acai is used to make healthy smoothies, and juices, often mixed with blueberries, raspberries and other antioxidant fruits....
  • Asafoetida root Ferula asafoetida, Asafoetida root : devil's dung, food of the gods, hing, narthex
    : According to ayurvedic medicine, asafoetida is a valuable spice and remedy for nervous disorders, colic, bowel spasms, and for spasmodic coughing....
  • Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria, Meadowsweet : Queen of the Meadow, Bridewort, Quaker Lady
    Perennial herb : Meadowsweet is a mild, but effective anti-inflammatory herb used to treat arthritis and other aches and pains. Meadowsweet leaves and flowers contain salicylates, compounds that are converted by the body to aspirin....
  • Fennel Seed Foeniculum vulgare, Fennel Seed : Sweet Fennel, Fenkel
    : Fennel seed is a good herbal remedy for coughs, helps in weight loss, and even tempers the effects of hormonal changes in menopause...
  • Forsythia Fruit Forsythia suspensa, Forsythia Fruit : Lian Qiao, yellow bell
    : Forsythia fruit is used to treat colds and viral infections and fevers in traditional Chinese medicine. ...
  • Kelp/Bladderwrack Fucus vesiculosis, Kelp/Bladderwrack : Fucus, Seaweed, dried
    Seaweed : Kelp is commonly used in herbal medicine to stimulate the thyroid function, and can be effective in weight loss as part of a low calorie diet....
  • Fumitory Fumaria officinalis, Fumitory : Earth smoke
    herbaceous annual : Fumitory has traditionally been used as a vermifuge, to treat the skin, as a digestive tonic, and in sclerosis of the liver...
  • Goat's Rue Galega officinalis, Goat's Rue : French lilac, Italian fitch
    Perennial Herb : The medicinal use of Goats rue to treat diabetes, used since the middle ages, has been vindicated by modern science....
  • Cleavers Galium aparine, Cleavers : Clivers, Goose Grass, Catchweed, Sweet Woodruff
    Annual Herb : Herbalists have long regarded cleavers as a valuable lymphatic tonic and diuretic. In essence the lymph system is the body's mechanism to wash tissues of toxins...
  • Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum, Sweet Woodruff : Wild Baby's Breath
    Perennial herb : Sweet woodruff teas are anti-inflammatory, diuretic and gently sedating. ...
  • Reishi Mushroom Ganoderma lucidum, Reishi Mushroom : Ling-zhi, ling chih, ling chi mushroom
    Fungus : Reishi, or Ling zhi mushroom has been used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicines for thousands of years, who place it in the highest class of tonic medicines, those who benefit the vital life energy or Qi. ...
  • Garcinia Fruit Garcinia cambogia, Garcinia Fruit : Brindleberry, Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA), Gambooge
    Tropical tree : Both Garcinia cambogia and the extracted acid HCA are widely used in weight control formulas. HCA inhibits the formation of fatty acids and therefore less fat is available to the cells to be stored by the body....
  • Wintergreen Oil Gaultheria procumbens, Wintergreen Oil : Teaberry, Mountain Tea, Spice Berry, Checker-berry, Partridge-berry
    : The minty sweet scent of wintergreen is familiar to anyone who has ever used Bengay©, or other OTC ointments and rubs. The essential oil from the leaves is highly irritating to skin, and should be only used well diluted...
  • Gentian Gentiana lutea, Gentian : wild gentian ,yellow gentian
    Herbaceous Perennial : Gentian root is the bitter used to make the famous Swedish Bitters tonic. Bitter herbs increase gastric secretions and promote digestion....
  • Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba L., Ginkgo biloba :
    Tree : Allergies and asthma improve with ginkgo. The leaves contains anti-inflammatory chemicals and natural antihistamines...
  • Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea L, Ground Ivy : Ale Hoof Gill-over-the-ground
    Perennial herb : Ground ivy is mostly ignored by modern materia medica in favor of the better known members of the mint family, but that does not mean this common little ground weed is not worth knowing....
  • Licorice Root Glycyrrhiza glabra, Licorice Root : Liquorice, Gan-cao
    Perennial herb : Many herbalists regard licorice as a natural alternative to hydrocortisone and it is used in many formulations to activate and increase the effects of other herbs....
  • Maitake mushroom Grifola frondosa, Maitake mushroom : Hen of the Woods
    Mushroom : Maitake mushroom's use as an adaptogen arose in classic Chinese and Japanese medicine. Maitake mushrooms extracts have shown to increase activity of immune cells in laboratory tests....
  • Grindelia Grindelia spp, Grindelia : Gumplant, tarweed, rosinweed
    scrub bush : Gridelia which grows wild in the Western states is better known as a external skin treatment for rashes, burns and insect bites. Gridelia was traditionally used for coughs and asthmatic conditions....
  • Gurmar Gymnema sylvestre, Gurmar :
    Climbing Woody Perennial : Gymnema sylvestre leaf effects on insulin levels and blood sugar, Gurmar acts to normalize blood sugar levels, only lowering glucose in those who are hyperglycemic...
  • Jiaogulan Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Jiaogulan : Jiao Gu Lan, Amachazuru, Herb of Immortality, sweet tea vine
    Perennial vine : Jiaogulan (Jiao Gu Lan)is an adaptogen and antioxidant with properties similar to that of ginseng....
  • Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel : Spotted Alder, Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut
    Deciduous shrub : A general and all purpose remedy for abrasions, burns, scalds, insect bites and other inflammatory conditions of the skin....
  • Devil's Claw Harpagophytum procumbens, Devil's Claw : grapple plant, wood spider
    perennial vine : Devils claw offers slow but sure relief of joint pain caused by both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, and it has also been shown to relieve muscle pain and enhance mobility ...
  • Rock Rose Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx., Rock Rose : Frost Wort, frostweed
    Perennial Herb : Rock rose was once a common botanical medicine in early America, mostly used by the Eclectics at the turn of the last century....
  • Sunflower Helianthus annuus, Sunflower :
    Annual Plant : Sunflower seeds, and the oil that is pressed from them are the part of the plant used most often for food and medicine. ...
  • Immortelle Oil Helichrysum angustifolium, Immortelle Oil : Everlasting, Strawflower
    flowering plant : Helichrysum is known for its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and regenerative properties....
  • Hepatica Liver-Leaf Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa, Hepatica Liver-Leaf : Anemone hepatica
    Perennial Wildflower : The liver-leaf has held a place amoung medicinal plants from ancient times until falling into disuse in the last part of the 1800's...
  • Hibiscus Hibiscus sabdariffa, Hibiscus : Roselle, rosemallow, Jamaica Sorrel, red sorrel, agua de Jamaica
    Perennial Tropical : The calyx of the hibiscus flowers is used to make a wine red tea that is naturally high in Vitamin C...
  • Sea Buckthorn Oil Hippophae rhamnoides, Sea Buckthorn Oil : Sallow Thorn, Yellow Spine
    deciduous shrub : Sea Buckthorn oil is used in healing skin injuries, burns, wounds, eczema, lesions, sun damaged skin, and abrasions. ...
  • Hoodia Hoodia Gordonii, Hoodia :
    : Hoodia Gordonii works by mimicking the effect that glucose has on the nerve cells in the brain. The effect on these cells in essence, transmits the feeling of fullness to the brain, diminishing appetite. The problem with this much hyped African plant is t...
  • Barley Grass Hordeum vulgare, Barley Grass :
    Grass : Young barley grass is one of a group of 'green' or superfoods, along with wheat grass and blue green algae, that are characterized by their emerald green hues...
  • Hops Humulus Lupulus, Hops : Hops
    Perennial vine : Aged hops are sedatives, fresh hops provide bitters that stimulate digestion; these bitters are also found in the aged herb....
  • Wild Hyacinth Hyacinthus nonscriptus, Wild Hyacinth : Bluebell
    Perennial Bulb : Bluebells, a classic wildflower native to Great Briton and western Europe is no longer used in herbal medicine, its slight benefits being outweighed by the toxic nature of the bulbs....
  • Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis, Goldenseal : Yellow Root
    Perennial herb : Goldenseal is a folk medicine staple widely used in many herbal salves and ointments as a contact disinfectant. The root contains berberine and hydrastine...
  • Henbane Hyoscyamus niger, Henbane : Hog bean, stinking nightshade
    Annual or Biannual plant : Henbane has been used medicinally since the time of Pliny in ancient Greece, but it is not a herb to be taken for home use....
  • St. John's Wort Hypericum perforatum, St. John's Wort :
    Perennial Shrub : St. Johns Wort has a demonstrated ability to act as an antidepressant, but this versatile herb also has dozens of chemical compounds that disinfect and heal wounds as well....
  • Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis, Hyssop :
    Woody perennial : An aromatic and medicinal herb, Hyssop is a good expectorant and antiviral commonly used to treat respiratory conditions such as influenza, sinus infections, colds and bronchitis ...
  • Yerba Mate Ilex paraguariensis, Yerba Mate : mate, matte, Paraguay tea
    evergreen tree : Containing 196 active compounds, nutrients, and amino acids, Yerba mate is touted as the new healthy alternative to coffee....
  • Jewel Weed Impatiens capensis, Jewel Weed : Jewelweed, Wild Balsam. Balsam-weed. Impatiens, Spotted Touch-me-not, Lady's Eardrops, Lady's Slipper
    herb : The juice of the plant is a traditional remedy for all sorts of skin ailments...
  • Chaga Mushroom Inonotus obliquus, Chaga Mushroom : Cinder conk, Birch mushroom
    Mushroom : Chaga and the similar reishi mushroom both have a reputation as tonics for longevity and health. These mushrooms show great promise for their anti-viral activities...
  • Elecampane Inula helenium , Elecampane : Wild sunflower, Horseheal, Yellow Starwort
    Perennial composite plant : Elecampane has been used since the days of ancient Greece and Rome. Elecampane is known primarily as a respiratory tonic and is used to ease breathing....
  • Orris Root Iris germanica, Orris Root : Purple Flag, Bearded Iris
    perennial herb : Dried orris root is used in perfumes and potpourris and sachets as a fixative that enhances other aromas, and in natural products as a base in toothpastes, and cosmetics. ...
  • Jasmine Flower Oil Jasminum officinale, Jasmine Flower Oil :
    Deciduous vine : Legendary jasmine is a sensual delight. In aromatherapy, jasmine absolute oil in used to uplift the spirits in cases of apathy, depression, menopausal disorders, and lack of confidence ...
  • Butternut Juglans cinerea, Butternut : White walnut, Lemon walnut
    Tree : Butternut is used as a mild laxative and to expel human parasites....
  • Black Walnut Juglans nigra, Black Walnut :
    deciduous tree : The nuts make a great snack however it is the bark, leaves and nut husks that are the source of the phytomedicine in black walnut. Black walnut hull extract is unquestionably one of the best and safest worming agents offered by the plant world. But it ca...
  • Juniper Berries Juniperus communis, Juniper Berries :
    tree : Juniper is used as a mild diuretic to treat to treat urinary problems. Juniper detoxifies the system and helps prevent the buildup of uric acid in cases of gout and rheumatoid arthritis....
  • Wild lettuce Lactuca virosa, Wild lettuce : Bitter lettuce, Opium Lettuce
    Biennial herb : Wild lettuce contains a sedative milky latex that can induce opium like sensations. Wild lettuce is a valuable remedy for insomnia and muscular arthritis....
  • Chaparral Larrea tridentata, Chaparral : hediondilla, Shegoi
    Desert Shrub : Chaparral has potent and long-lasting anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in the treatment of arthritis. Chaparral herb should only be externally in baths,creams and lotions...
  • Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis, Bay Laurel : Sweet Bay, True Laurel
    Tree : Bay laurel is the source of the ancients' crowns and wreaths for heroes. Bay leaf oil is used to treat arthritic aches and pains, lower back pain, earaches, and sore muscles and sprains....
  • Lavender Lavandula spp, Lavender :
    Woody Perennial Herb : Lavender can lift your spirits, help you sleep, relieve pain, kill germs, heal burns and rashes, and help keep annoying insects at bay. Lavender oil is also antibacterial and healing to the skin...
  • Henna Lawsonia inermis, Henna : Henna or Hina
    : Henna is a natural hair colorant that seals in oils and tightens the hair cuticle giving your hair a rich, healthy shine....
  • Motherwort Leonurus caridica L., Motherwort : Lion's tail, lion's ear
    Perennial herb : The use of motherwort is an old one, the ancient Greeks and Romans honored it for a remedy for both physical and emotional heart troubles, especially when associated with anxiety...
  • Maca root Lepidium peruvianum, Maca root : Maca, Peruvian ginseng, maka
    herbaceous biennial plant : Maca root is being effectively administered to both men and women to help increase libido, men's sperm activity, and to assist both sexes with issues regarding their physical endurance and threshold....
  • Lovage Levisticum officinale, Lovage :
    Herb perennial : Lovage is an old English garden herb whose use dates from the fourteenth century. ...
  • Deer's Tongue Liatris odoratissima, Deer's Tongue : Vanilla Leaf. Wild Vanilla
    Herbaceous perennial : Native American plant used in smoking blends to flavor tobacco...
  • Flax seed Linum usitatissimum L., Flax seed : Linseed
    Annual : Flaxseed is one of the best vegan sources of Omega-3 (ALA), which is so important to a strong immune system...
  • Mexican Oregano Lippia graveolens, Mexican Oregano : Redbrush Lippia
    Perennial Shrub : Native to the Amercian Southwest, Mexico and Central America, Lippia graveolens leaves are also used to make a traditional "country tea", that was used to treat respiratory infections and late or scanty periods....
  • Lobelia Lobelia inflata, Lobelia : Indian-Tobacco. Pukeweed. Asthma Weed.
    Annual Herb : The name Indian Tobacco might have arisen either from the peculiar tobacco-like sensation imparted to the tongue and stomach on chewing the leaves...
  • Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum, Honeysuckle : jin yin hua, lonicera
    Vine : The sweet smelling backyard shrub has surprising medicinal qualities. Honeysuckle is very soothing to the skin and the infused flower water was once used for nervous headache....
  • Goji Berries Lycium barbarum, Goji Berries : Lycii berry, Boxberry, Boxthorn, Wolfberry
    deciduous woody shrub : Goji berries are high in the ranks of superfruits, valued for their nutritive and antioxidant properties....
  • Club Moss Lycopodium clavatum,, Club Moss : Wolf's Claw
    Primitive vascular plants : The dry, finely powdered spores of club moss are used to promote healing of wounds and skin. As a supplement club moss is taken to enhance memory....
  • Bugleweed Lycopus spp., Bugleweed : Water Horehound, Gypsywort
    Perennial herb : Bugleweed is useful in many heart and vascular system disorders ,hyperthyroid conditions and breast pain. ...
  • Magnolia Magnolia Glauca, Magnolia : Swamp sassafras, Sweet or White Bay
    Shrub : The beautiful magnolia has a long history of use in the traditional folklore of the South. The preparation of the bark was once official in the U.S. Ph. until the early part of the last century....
  • Oregon Grape root Mahonia aquifolium , Oregon Grape root : Mountain Grape, holly leaved barberry
    Evergreen shrub : Herbalists use the immune-stimulating and bacteria fighting properties of Oregon grape root in the treatment of bacterial diarrhea, intestinal parasites, and eye infections. Oregon grape shared many of the properties of goldenseal, but is not botanically ...
  • Apple Malus domestica, Apple : Apple cider vinegar, wine vinegar
    : In addition to the fruit of the apple tree, its bark, flowers, and leaves all have healthy properties. Apples contain malic and tartaric acids, and salts of potassium, sodium, magnesium, and iron. Regular consumption can even lower cholesterol and help ...
  • Arrowroot powder Maranta arundinacea, Arrowroot powder : Obedience plant
    perennial herb : Arrowroot is considered a nutritious and easily digested food starch for infants and elderly patients with bowel complaints. ...
  • Horehound Marrubium vulgare L., Horehound : White horehound, marrubio
    Perennial Herb : Horehound contains the bitter principal marrubiin ,a potent pain reliever and nervous system stimulant. This mint relative is a cough and cold remedy, and a bitter tonic ...
  • Chamomile Matricaria recutita , Chamomile : Camomile, Chamomilla, German chamomile
    Annual herb : Chamomile is an excellent remedy for any emotional disorders that involve stress, anxiety, and tension. The apple-like aroma relaxes and calms and the tea is used home remedies....
  • Alfalfa Medicago sativa L., Alfalfa :
    Perennial Plant : Alfalfa is not recommended as primary treatment for any condition, alfalfa is a tonic herb, one that supports health by nourishing the body. Alfalfa is of special interest to women because of its estrogenic activity....
  • Tea Tree oil Melaleuca alternifolia, Tea Tree oil : Melaleuca
    tree : Tea tree oil is a fast and easy way to treat insect bites and any type of skin fungus. Apply a few drops neat, or use a clean compress to apply to the skin...
  • Cajeput Oil Melaleuca leucadendron, M. leucadendra, Cajeput Oil : Weeping tea tree, weeping paperbark
    Tree : Cajeput essential oil has a sweet middle note and is very stimulating and warming with a penetrating, camphoraceous scent. Cajeput is a good inhalant oil for colds and sinus infections....
  • Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis, Lemon Balm : Melissa
    Perennial herb : Lemon balm is an aromatic mint with soothing, calming properties. Drink lemon balm tea when nerves, headaches or mild depression are preventing you from getting a good night's sleep...
  • Peppermint Mentha piperita, Peppermint : Yerba Buena
    Perennial Herb : Peppermint has an antispasmodic effect that soothes stomachaches and relieves gas. Peppermint oil is cooling and analgesic, relieving heat and inflammation while it increases blood flow to the painful area....
  • PennyRoyal Mentha pulegium, PennyRoyal : Penny-Royal, poleo
    Perennial herb : Pennyroyal is an important member of the family of mints, used historically since the time of Pliny to stimulate suppressed menstruation, and facilitate childbirth...
  • Spearmint Mentha spicata, Spearmint : Spear mint
    : Spearmint has much the same properties as peppermint, but is milder and good for use with children's complaints. Spearmint tea will relieve hiccough, flatulence as well as indigestion. ...
  • Bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata, Bogbean : Buckbean, March Clover
    : Bogbean is a traditional herb for the treatment of rheumatism, osteo-arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis....
  • Bitter Melon Momordica charantia, Bitter Melon : balsam pear, bitter gourd, Karela
    Gourd : The gourd-like fruit has a long history as a treatment for diabetes. Bitter melon improves the body's ability to use blood sugar and improves glucose tolerances. ...
  • Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot : Scarlet Monarda, Oswego Tea, Bergamot, Horsebalm
    perennial herb : This species of mint has an aroma similar to the citrus Orange Bergamot, but the two are not related. A safe herb to use in both animals and humans. Like most mints, bee balm has a special affinity towards the digestive tract. Bee balm has excellent antib...
  • Noni Morinda citrifolia, Noni : Indian Mulberry, Mengkudu, Nono, Nhau, Ashyuka.
    Evergreen tree : Noni juice, and powder is far from a new fad,, the fruit and other parts of the tree have been used in Ayuverdic medicine and by traditional Polynesian healers for centuries....
  • Bayberry Myrica cerifera, Bayberry : Candleberry, wax myrtle
    Shrub : Early American colonists used the wax covering the plants berries to make candles. Some research shows that bayberry contains astringent and antibacterial compounds. ...
  • Nutmeg Myristica fragrans, Nutmeg : Mace
    Tropical tree : Historically, nutmeg has been used as a form of medicine to treat many affecting the nervous system to the digestive system. Nutmeg essential oil is used in aromatherapy....
  • Balsam of Peru Myroxylon pereirae, Balsam of Peru : Tolu Balsam
    Tropical Tree : Balsam of Peru, or Tolu, is used mainly in aromatherapy and perfumery for its vanilla and cinnamon scent. The resinous oil is antiseptic and healing to the skin....
  • Myrtle Myrtus communis, Myrtle :
    Evergreen shrub : In traditional herbal medicine myrtle has been taken internally for urinary infections, digestive problems, bronchial congestion, and dry coughs....
  • Nard Oil Nardostachys jatamansi, Nard Oil : nard, nardin, muskroot, spikenard
    rhizomatous herbaceous perennial : Nard oil was once one of the most widely used oils in ancient Egypt and Biblical times....
  • Watercress Nasturtium officinale, Watercress :
    Perennial herb : Watercress is a nutritional culinary food that can also be considered a medicinal plant. Watercress can help reduce the prevalence and duration of colds when included in the diet along with garlic, onions, and cayenne. It is one of the natural food ...
  • Lotus Nelumbo nucifera, Lotus : Indian lotus, sacred lotus
    Perennial dicot : The lotus is one of the worlds most sacred plants and has been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years....
  • Catnip Nepeta cataria, Catnip : Catmint, Nep,Catnep
    Perennial herb : A harmless high for felines, and beneficial for humans, Catnip leaves contain considerable quantities of vitamins C and E, both excellent antioxidants...
  • Black Seed oil Nigella sativa, Black Seed oil : Kalonjii, Black cumin, black caraway, Roman-coriander, fennel-flower
    Annual Herb : Black cumin seed oil is used as a healthy dietary supplement. Black seed oil contains fatty acids, vitamins and minerals in a unique cell structure. ...
  • Basil Ocimum basilicum, Basil : Sweet Basil
    herb : Stellar culinary herb and aromatherapy oil. Stimulates appetite, uplifts mood. The uses of basil are limited only by your imagination....
  • Holy Basil Ocimum sanctum, Holy Basil : Tulsi, Tulasi, Indian Basil
    Herb : Holy Basil has been used for thousands of years in the traditional medicinal of India, Ayurveda. Known to Hindus as Tulsi ...
  • Evening Primrose Oil Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose Oil : Night Willow-herb
    Biennial herbaceous : Both the leaves and the seeds of the evening primrose contain fragrant oil that plays an important part natural health. Evening primrose is a naturally high source of Gamma-linoleic acid...
  • Olive Oil Olea europea, Olive Oil : Olive Leaf
    Tree : Virgin olive oil is used for healthy cooking, and makes a great base for herbal infused oils. You can infuse olive oil with rosemary, garlic, thyme, and many other herbs ...
  • Prickly Pear Opuntia ficus-indica, Prickly Pear : Nopales, Nopal, Indian fig
    Cactus : Prickly pear is a plant in the cactus family used in traditional Mexican cooking and medicine....
  • Marjoram,Sweet Origanum majorana, Marjoram,Sweet :
    perennial herb : Sweet marjoram is a fragrant culinary herb and the sweet, herbaceous essential oil is used in aromatherapy for emotional uplift and soothing nerves...
  • Oregano Origanum vulgare, Oregano : Wild Marjoram
    herb : Oregano has a very ancient reputation and has been used in both the kitchen and the sickroom since the time of the ancients. Many would be surprised to learn that oregano is ranked first among the culinary herbs in antioxidant power. Many of the ...
  • White Peony root Paeonia albiflora, White Peony root : Bai Shao Yao, Peony root, and Chinese Peony
    herbaceous perennial : The white peony is one of the oldest remedies in traditional Chinese medicine. Peony root is the part valued in Chinese medicine to treat conditions such as abnormal menses, night sweats, abdominal pain, sores and injuries....
  • Ginseng root Panax ginseng, Ginseng root : Ren-shen, X-yang-shen, Asian ginseng, Korean ginseng
    Herbaceous perennial : Ginseng is one the best known and widely prescribed herbs in Chinese medicine as a general adaptogenic and restorative tonic. ...
  • Ginseng Root, American Panax quinquefolius , Ginseng Root, American :
    Herbaceous perennial : In Chinese traditions, American ginseng is considered to be more yin, helping to reduce the heat of the respiratory and digestive systems...
  • Red Poppy Flowers Papaver rhoeas, Red Poppy Flowers : corn poppy, corn rose, field poppy, Flanders poppy
    Perennial wildflower : Red poppies have some folklore medicinal uses as a cough remedy, mild sedative, and non-addictive sleep aid, though not nearly as potent as the related opium poppy, Papaver somniferum....
  • Passion Flower Passiflora incarnata, Passion Flower :
    Perennial Vine : Herbalists have a high regard for the soothing properties of passionflower and recommend it as a general nerve tonic. Passionflower is often combined with other sedative herbs....
  • Guarana Paullinia Cupana, Guarana :
    Tropical Vine : Guarana is used traditionally to enhance energy levels. You will see this herb in many weight loss formulas listed as a thermogenic stimulator...
  • Yohimbe Pausinystalia johimbe, Yohimbe : johimbe, yumbina
    Evergreen Desert Tree : The bark of this West African tree may be your best natural bet for reversing sexual dysfunction, though at the cost of several side effects....
  • Geranium Pelargonium graveolens, Geranium :
    herb : Rose-scented pelargonium oil is commonly know as geranium oil in aromatherapy. Pelargoniums were used in South Africa as a traditional medicine for healing cold sores, sore throats and infections...
  • Avocado Persea americana, Avocado :
    Subtropical tree : Avocados are a favorite food because of the high fat content that gives them such a creamy, luscious flavor. This puts some dieters off, however, most of the fat is monounsaturated fat,...
  • Butterbur Petasites vulgaris, Butterbur : Langwort, Umbrella Plan
    : Butterbur is thought to work by reducing spasms in muscle tissues, including blood vessels. However, there are concerns about possible liver damage....
  • Parsley Petroselinum crispum, Parsley :
    : Parsley leaves and root are high in iron content and rich in vitamins A, B, C and trace minerals. Parsley adds color and aids digestion of the foods we eat and acts to prevent gas and bloating...
  • Boldo Peumus boldus Molina, Boldo :
    tree : The Incas used the herb to treat are used to treat bladder and urinary tract infections, the same uses as you will find it recommended for today. Boldo leaves are used to treat bladder and urinary tract infections, gallbladder discomfort, gallstones, he...
  • Suma Root Pfaffia paniculata, Suma Root : Brazilian ginseng
    Vine : Suma root has the ability to act as an adaptogen, helping the body to cope with stress, increasing energy levels and resistance to disease. ...
  • White Kidney Bean Phaseolus vulgaris, White Kidney Bean :
    herbaceous annual plant : Many studies have shown that Phaseolus vulgaris reduces the rate at which starchy foods like pasta and bread are converted into sugar....
  • Amalaki, amla Phyllanthus emblica, Amalaki, amla : Indian gooseberry, aamla, amalika
    deciduous tree : Amalaki is one of three fruits used in the Ayurvedic herbal formula called triphala ...
  • Chanca Piedra Phyllanthus niruri, Chanca Piedra : phyllanthus, quebra pedra, kidney stone tree
    Tropical Herbaceous Shrub : This traditional native medicine is used to treat kidney stones in both human and veterinary herbal medicine....
  • Poke Root Phytolacca americana, Poke Root : Pokeweed, American nightshade, pigeon berry, chui xu shang lu
    herbaceous perennial plant : Poke root tinctures are used in creams and ointments as a treatment for skin diseases, and the plant has a folklore reputation as a cancer cure that needs further study....
  • Spruce Oil Picea mariana, Spruce Oil :
    Evergreen Tree : Calming vapors break up congestion and improve breathing. Several species of evergreen conifer trees are used to produce spruce essential oils...
  • Allspice Pimenta officinalis, Allspice : Pimento, Jamaica Pepper
    Tropical Tree : Allspice tastes like a combination of cloves, juniper berries, cinnamon and pepper. Adding allspice to herbal teas, as well as foods aids in digestion. ...
  • Bay Rum Oil Pimenta racemosa, Bay Rum Oil : Bay Rum Tree
    tree : also known as the Bay Rum Tree, and is not to be confused with Bay Laurel...
  • Anise Seed Pimpinella anisum, Anise Seed : Aniseed
    Annual : Sweet and very aromatic, anise is commonly used to break up congestion, ease coughing and relieve gas and indigestion....
  • Pine Pinus sylvestris, Pine : Scots Pine
    : Pine oil is used in aroma lamps to clear congestion and disinfect the air and surfaces. Pine needles can be used to stuff therapeutic pillows and to make balms....
  • Cubeb Piper cubeba, Cubeb : Java pepper
    herb : A red alternative to black pepper, cubeb is little used in the West. In Tibetan medicine, cubeb (ka ko la in Tibetan) is one of bzang po drug, six fine herbs beneficial to specific organs in the body. ...
  • Long Pepper, Pippali Piper longum, Long Pepper, Pippali : Bengal Pepper, Indonesian Long Pepper, Java Pepper
    Flowering plant : Pippali is valued in Ayurvedic medicine and foods for enhancing digestion and metabolism....
  • Kava-Kava Piper methysticum, Kava-Kava : Ava. Intoxicating Peper
    shrub : Kava kava can be used as a mild sedative for nervous tension and stress. The active constituents in the roots, kava lactones, have relaxing and intoxicating properties....
  • Black Pepper Piper nigrum, Black Pepper :
    Perennial Woody Vine : Freshly ground pepper is a healthy spice, but the uses of black pepper go far beyond the kitchen in herbalism....
  • Jamaican Dogwood Piscidia piscipula, Jamaican Dogwood : Florida Fishposion Tree
    : Jamaican dogwood is well known as a specific for migraine headaches and neuralgia and for treatment of insomnia caused by pain, muscle tension and stress....
  • Plantain Plantago major ,lanceolata L., Plantain : Broad-leaved Plantain, Ribwort, narrow leaved plantain, Slan-lus
    Perennial Herb : The macerated fresh plantain leaves are put on bee stings and used for skin irritations, malignant ulcers,and burns, and to stop bleeding in minor cuts....
  • Psyllium Plantago psyllium, Plantago ovata, Psyllium : Flea Seed
    Perennial Herb : The seeds of the Plantago ovata contain copious amounts of mucilage that are able to treat diarrhea, constipation and act as a safe and effective weight loss aid....
  • Coleus Forskohlii Plectranthus barbatus, Coleus Forskohlii : Forskolin, Indian Coleus, False Boldo
    tropical perennial plant : Traditional Ayurevedic medicinal plant used to treat high blood pressure, help in losing weight, improving digestion and nutrient absorption, fighting cancer, and immune system support....
  • MayApple Podophyllum peltatum, MayApple : American Mandrake
    Perennial : The main therapeutic use of the resinous root of mayapple is that of a topical treatment for genital warts and similar papillomas caused by viral infection....
  • Patchouli Pogostemon patchouli, Patchouli :
    Woody perennial aromatic : Patchouli oil improves with age and is used as a base note in aromatherapy oils. The aromatic leaves can also be used in herbal infused oils, and bath herbs for skin care...
  • Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum, Solomon's Seal :
    Perennial herb : Polygonatum has been used medicinally by many diverse folk traditions, Native American healers in North America, and in ancient Chinese medicine in Asia in lung, stomach and skin complaints. ...
  • Fo-Ti Root Polygonum multiflorum, Fo-Ti Root : He-shou-wu
    Vine : Fo-ti, as it is known here in the west is most famous for its reputed ability to restore color to gray hair and as a fertility tonic. ...
  • Balm of Gilead Populus spp, Balm of Gilead : Poplar Buds
    Evergreen tree : The dried, unopened buds of the poplar tree are used in ointments and skin treatments to reduce pain and inflammation....
  • Self-Heal Prunella vulgaris L., Self-Heal : Self-heal, Heal-all, Blue Curls, Heart-of-the-Earth, Brunella Carpenter-weed
    Herb : Fresh leaves and flowers may be applied directly to a fresh wound. While self-heal is not so immediately effective as comfrey, yarrow, or bugle, it is a good herb to know about because of its almost universal presence and availability. ...
  • Pygeum Prunus africanum, Pygeum :
    Tree : When taken correctly, pygeum is considered one of the safest herbs used for male health, and often is combined with saw palmetto for maximum results....
  • Apricot Oil Prunus armeniaca, Apricot Oil :
    tree : Apricot oil is rich in vitamins and fatty acids such as GLA. Apricot oil makes an excellent choice for moisturizing devitalized, wrinkled skin without leaving an oily feel....
  • Almond Oil Prunus dulcis, Almond Oil :
    Tree : Almond oil is used in skin care and aromatherapy as a carrier oil. Raw almonds are used in facial scrubs, and to make almond flour and almond butter...
  • Wild Cherry Bark Prunus serotina, Wild Cherry Bark : Black Cherry, chokecherry
    Deciduous Tree : Wild Black cherry is a very effective herbal cough remedy. The main use of the bark is to still irritated, nagging coughs. ...
  • Muira puama Ptychopetalum olacoides, Muira puama : Marapama, potency wood
    : Folklore throughout South America strongly supports muira puama's stimulating properties. It is commonly referred to not only as an aphrodisiac but also as a nerve stimulant that is said to heighten the receptiveness to sexual stimuli, and muira puama is...
  • Kudzu Pueraria lobata, Kudzu :
    Perennial woody vine : Kudzu shows an ability to both decreases the amount of alcohol a person drinks, and help prevent hangovers. The plant is also used in traditional Chinese medicine....
  • Pasque Flower Pulsatilla nuttalliana, Pasque Flower : Pasque Flower, Prairie Crocus
    Perennial Wildflower : Pasque flower was listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia at the time Millspaugh published his "American Medical Plants" in 1882, and was prescribed by both Eclectic physicians and homeopaths...
  • Pomegranate Punica granatum, Pomegranate :
    : Pomegranates are touted for their heart protective antioxidants today, but ancient Egyptians loved them for their ability to kill tapeworms and other parasites. ...
  • Quassia Quassia amara, Quassia : Amargo, Bitter Wood, Jamaica Quassia, Bitter Ash
    Tree : Quassin extract is said to be many times more bitter than quinine and is used as an ingredient in many medications....
  • Oak Bark Quercus robur, Oak Bark : White Oak
    Deciduous tree : Oak bark is a powerful astringent, and has been used by herbalists for thousands of years. Decoctions of oak bark are used for throat infections, acute diarrhea, and bleeding, and have been studies for use in kidney infections and stones....
  • Ravensara Oil Ravensara aromatica, Ravensara Oil : ravensare, havozo, hazomanitra
    tree : The essential oil is referred to as the oil that heals and is is obtained by steam distillation from the leaf. ...
  • Rehmannia root Rehmannia glutinosa, Rehmannia root : Chinese Foxglove, Shu Di Huang
    : Rehmannia is a very commonly used herb in traditional Chinese medicine. Know as or Di-huang, (earth yellow), prepared rehmannia is used for loss of blood, yin deficiency....
  • Alder Buckthorn Rhamnus frangula, Alder Buckthorn : Alder Dogwood, Alder Buckthorn
    Deciduous Shrub : The dried and aged bark is the part used in herbal medicine, primarily as a laxative. ...
  • Cascara Sagrada Rhamnus purshiana DC, Cascara Sagrada : Buckthorn
    tree : Dried, aged cascara sagrada bark is often prescribed for chronic constipation. The herb must be allowed to age at least a year before use to break down its anthrone chemicals....
  • Turkey Rhubarb Rheum palmatum, Turkey Rhubarb : Chinese rhubarb
    perennial plants : Turkey rhubarb is a purgative, and is most often used in herbal formulas for it's strong laxative effects ...
  • Rhodiola Rhodiola rosea, Rhodiola : Golden Root, Roseroot, Aaron's Rod
    Flowering perennial : Rhodiola is an adaptogen, and acts in a similar fashion as ginseng. Rhodiola extracts may help those suffering from mild to moderate depression....
  • Castor Oil Ricinus communis, Castor Oil :
    Evergreen shrub/annual : Apply castor oil externally for muscle and arthritis pain, bruising and nerve damage. It is well suited to the slow relief of chronic pain and swelling...
  • Rose Rosa spp, Rose :
    Perennial : Rose petals suitable for medicinal purposes are deeply rose-colored and fragrant....
  • Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary :
    Woody perennial herb : Amazing, versatile rosemary is valued by cooks, herbalists, aromatherapists, and gardeners alike. Rosemary oil combats mental fatigue, increasing concentration and memory...
  • Raspberry Leaf Rubus idaeus, Raspberry Leaf : Raspberry Leaf
    herb : Raspberry leaf is a mild medicinal herb commonly used to treat diarrhea, colds, and stomach complaints and is a safe remedy for children...
  • Sheep Sorrel Rumex acetosella var. vulgaris, Sheep Sorrel : Sheep or field sorrel, oseille
    Perennial : Sheep sorrel is used most famously as an ingredient in Essiac formulas, and the herb has a long history of use in folklore...
  • Yellow Dock Rumex crispus, Yellow Dock : Sorrel, curled or narrow dock
    herb : Yellow dock as been known as a medicinal plant since ancient times and is used in traditional medicine as a gentle laxative or mild astringent tonic....
  • Butcher's Broom Ruscus aculeatus, Butcher's Broom : Jew's Myrtle, Sweet Broom, Scotch Broom
    Evergreen Shrub : Butchers Broom has a long history of use in herbal medicine traditions as a diuretic and blood vessel toner. Broom herbal extracts from the roots of this plant seem to have the ability to strengthen and tone blood vessels...
  • Rue Ruta graveolens L., Rue : Herb of Grace
    Perennial Shrub : One of the oldest and garden plants cultivated for medicinal use, rue was valued as a country simple for its ability to ward off toxins and pests. The use of rue as a medicinal herb has declined in modern times due to it's toxicity ...
  • White Willow Bark Salix Alba, White Willow Bark :
    Deciduous tree : White willow may be the oldest herb known to treat pain and inflammation. White willow contains salicin, a precursor to the compound in aspirin. ...
  • Sage Salvia officinalis, Sage :
    Perennial Woody Herb : Sage is a well-regarded herb for relieving the hot flashes of menopause. Sage is used both as a culinary herb and medicinal herb. Sage essential oil is used sparely...
  • Clary Sage Salvia sclarea, Clary Sage : Clarysage
    Perennial Herb : Clary sage oil is ideal to use on a regular basis in baths or perfumes to revitalize and rejuvenate the body and mind. It is recommended for women who are experiencing hot flashes...
  • Elderberry Sambucus nigra, Elderberry : Elderberry
    tree : Elderberries are used in syrup for diarrhea, colds and rheumatism. Leaves are used in an ointment that is a folk remedy for bruises, sprains, chilblains and hard-to-cure skin irritations...
  • Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis L, Bloodroot : red puccoon blood root, pauson
    Herbaceous Perennial : Bloodroot's name is derived from the color of the reddish roots which contain the phytochemical sanguinarine- The red juice from the root is used externally in pastes and salves to remove warts, skin tags, and some skin cancers....
  • Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor, Salad Burnet : Lesser Burnet
    Perennial herb : Salad burnet, while not considered one of the major additions to the herbal pharmacopoeia, is still a decorative and endearing herb...
  • Sandalwood Oil Santalum album, Sandalwood Oil :
    tree : Sandalwood oil is one of the few fragrances equally popular among men and women. Its uplifting scent is often used to treat depression....
  • Soapwort Saponaria officinalis, Soapwort : Bouncing Bet, Fuller's herb, Sweet William, Bruisewort, Old Maids Pink
    perennial plant, vespertine flower : The common name of this member of the carnation family indicates it's traditional uses in washing. The hormone-like saponins contained in the root produce a lather on contact with water. It has an ancient reputation used both internally and externally for...
  • Sassafras root Sassafras albidum, Sassafras root : Sassafrass, Saloop, ague tree, root beer tree,
    Tree : A cup of sassafras root tea has been a traditional spring tonic in the South for hundreds of years, and was part of the home medicine of the early American colonists...
  • Savory, Winter, Summer Satureja montana, Savory, Winter, Summer :
    Perennial Herb : Savory is a carminative herb recommend for gas and digestive upsets, including colic, diarrhea and indigestion....
  • Sceletium Sceletium tortuosum, Sceletium : kanna
    perennial succulent herb : Sceletium has a long history of use in South African traditional medicine. The herb is used as a mild antidepressant and mood booster. ...
  • Schisandra Schisandra chinensis, Schisandra : Magnolia vine, wu-wei-zi, Schizandra
    : Schisandra is a well known in Chinese medicine as an adaptogenic herb used to improve mental function, reduce tiredness, and improve endurance....
  • Figwort Scrophularia nodosa, Figwort : Carpenter's square
    Herbaceous perennial : Figwort is used in salves and poultices to soothe inflamed skin in cases of psoriasis and eczema, and to heal burns...
  • Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora, Skullcap : Virginian skull cap, mad-dog skull cap, scullcap
    hardy perennial herb : The plant has been used for centuries by herbalists as an effective nerve tonic and sedative. Its common uses include relief of nervous tension, anxiety and nerve pain....
  • Senna Senna alexandrina Mill., Senna : gyptian Senna, Tinnevelly Senna
    : Senna is a reliable and quite powerful laxative. The active principles of senna are anthraquinone glycoside which act primarily on the colon. ...
  • Saw Palmetto Serenoa serrulata , Saw Palmetto : Sabal Sabal serrulata
    Shrub : Saw palmetto berry tea is commonly recommended for benign enlargement of the prostate and to treat chronic urinary tract infections....
  • Sesame Sesamum indicum, Sesame :
    : Sesame seeds, and sesame seed oil are used for food, and skin care and have a rich tradition of medicinal use....
  • Milk Thistle Seed Silybum marianum L., Milk Thistle Seed :
    Perennial Herb : Whole seeds of milk thistle or a tincture made from them are now used in the United States as well as Europe, for both protection and regeneration of the liver. ...
  • Jojoba Oil Simmondsia chinensis, Jojoba Oil :
    Perennial Desert Shrub : Jojoba oil is absorbed into the skin so well there is no greasy or tacky feel to it. Known for its ability to smooth fine lines and wrinkles, jojoba rejuvenates and rehydrates dry skin...
  • Yacon Root Smallanthus sonchifolius, Yacon Root :
    : Yacon root and yacon root syrup are used as a sweetener by who need to control their blood sugar. Yacon is a prebiotic, feeding the 'good' bacteria of the gut helping digestion and stimulating the immune system....
  • Sarsaparilla Root Smilax sarsaparilla, Sarsaparilla Root : zarzaparrilla
    perennial trailing vine : Sarsaparilla makes a good all round tonic, and the spicy, pleasant smelling root is what gave old fashioned root beer its bite and is the part used medicinally....
  • Goldenrod Solidago virgaurea, Goldenrod : Woundwort, Aaron's rod, golden rod
    Perennial flowering plant : This common wildflower is a traditional kidney tonic. Goldenrod's primary aspects are as an anti-inflammatory urinary tract antiseptic, and a treatment for upper respiratory catarrh....
  • Spilanthes Spilanthes acmella, Spilanthes :
    Tropical perennial : In Brazilian Spilanthes is commonly referred to as the toothache plant for its ability to numb the gums and mouth and calm tooth pain when the flower buds and new leaves are chewed. Spilanthes works in a similar fashion to echinacea in treating pain...
  • Wood Betony Stachys officinalis, Wood Betony :
    Perennial herb : Though this nearly forgotten mint has become increasingly rare modern herbal medicine, wood betony was once considered almost a panacea by the elder herbalists....
  • Chickweed Stellaria media, Chickweed : Starweed
    Annual/Perennial Herb : Chickweed is best known for it's ability to cool inflammation and speed healing as a poultice or ointment for skin irritations, skin abscesses and boils...
  • Stevia Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni), Stevia : Sweet leaf
    Perennial Herbaceous Shrub : Stevia is a herbal sweetener that is good for you, stevia leaf adds no calories, and has no harmful side effects. The sweet leaves of this plant are a pleasant and guilt free alternative to sugar. The active photochemical in stevia leaves, ste...
  • Benzoin Resin Styrax benzoin, Benzoin Resin : Friar's balsam
    tree : The dark, vanilla-like resin acts as an anchoring base note in aromatherapy blends, and is soothing and warming to the skin....
  • Comfrey Leaf and root Symphytum officinale, Comfrey Leaf and root :
    Perennial Herb : Comfrey salves, ointments and teas are best known for the topical treatment of burns and just about any skin irritation....
  • Clove Oil Syzygium aromaticum, Clove Oil :
    Tropical evergreen tree : Clove is an antibacterial, antiseptic and analgesic essential oil that is used to treat colds, viruses, and dental pain. Put a few drops on a cotton ball for toothache...
  • Pau d’arco Tabebuia spp, Pau d’arco : lapacho, taheebo
    : There is a great deal of practical evidence that pau d'arco can be used with success to treat colds, flu, sore throat, and yeast infections....
  • Costmary Tanacetum balsamita L., Costmary : Balsam Herb. Costmarie, Alecost
    Perennial herb : Costmary has a pleasant balsam-like fragrance and was once a poplar herb for scenting bath water and rinses for the hair....
  • Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium, Feverfew :
    Perennial herb : Feverfew has been used in the treatment of headaches since the first century. It has also been used for inflammation, arthritis, menstrual discomforts, fever, and other aches and pains....
  • Tansy Tanacetum vulgare, Tansy : Bitter Buttons
    Perennial Herb : Tansy is a widely grown herb with a number of traditional medicinal uses, but needs to be used with an abundance of caution. Tansy was a popular strewing herb in times past because it's clean, camphorous scent repelled flies and other pests. It is still ...
  • Dandelion Root Taraxacum officinale, Dandelion Root : Priest's crown, Swine's Snout
    Perennial Herb : Dandelion root is high in many micro-nutrients including potassium. Dandelion supports the liver and improves digestion and helps to flush toxins from the body. ...
  • Arjuna Terminalia arjuna, Arjuna :
    : Arjuna is among the most frequently prescribed herbs for cardiovascular health in ayurvedic medicine...
  • Cacao Theobroma cacao L., Cacao : Chocolate, cocoa
    herb : Theobromine, the alkaloid contained in cacao beans, resembles caffeine in its action, but its effect on the central nervous system is less powerful and does not have the sleep disturbing effects of caffeine....
  • Thuja oil Thuja occidentalis, Thuja oil : Arborvitae, tree of life, white cedar, yellow cedar, American cedar
    evergreen coniferous tree : Thuja may be used in hot compresses and steam baths to ease rheumatism, arthritis, and achy muscles....
  • Thyme Thymus vulgaris, Thyme : Common Thyme, Wild Thyme
    Woody Perennial Herb : Thyme is one of the best herbs to use as a cough and cold remedy, addressing all your cold symptoms in a holistic way. Thyme acts to clear the lungs of congestion...
  • Linden Tilia spp, Linden : Lime tree, Basswood
    Deciduous tree : Herbalists recommend linden as a mild tonic for nervousness, insomnia as well as colds and fever. You will find linden often combined with yarrow flowers and sage in cold remedies....
  • Ajwain Seed Trachyspermum ammi, Ajwain Seed : Ajwan, Ajwon
    herbaceous annual : The high concentration of essential oils in ajwain seeds, primarily thymol, give them an aroma and flavor resembling thyme, with a stronger bite...
  • Tribulus terrestris L Tribulus terrestris, , Tribulus terrestris L : Burra Gookeroo, Burra Gokhru, puncture vine,
    : Native to India, the role of Tribulus Terrestris in Eastern European folk medicine for muscle strength and sexual potency....
  • Red Clover Trifolium pratense, Red Clover :
    Perennial Herb : Red Clover of most interest in menopause and in the prevention of breast cancer because of its strong concentration of natural plant estrogen...
  • Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum, Fenugreek :
    Annual Herb : Fenugreek is a medicinal food plant that has the beneficial effect of lowering blood sugar....
  • Beth Root Trillium erectum, Beth Root : Wake-robin
    : Beth root has been used in folklore traditions as a tonic for women and as a cough medicine. It is considered endangered and not currently used....
  • Damiana Turnera diffusa, Damiana :
    Perennial subshrub : Damiana is used primarily as an aphrodisiac for both sexes, but it's folklore uses also extend to include treatment for depression and anxiety...
  • Colt's Foot Tussilago farfara , Colt's Foot : Coughwort
    Perennial herb : Since the days of ancient Greece and Rome, coltsfoot has been used to relieve asthma, coughs and bronchial congestion. It remains one of the most effective herbal cough medicines today...
  • Elm, Slippery Ulmus fulva, Elm, Slippery : Red Elm, Moose Elm, Indian Elm
    Deciduous Tree : In herbal medicine a slippery elm bark powder is considered one of the best possible poultices for wounds, boils, ulcers, burns and reducing pain and inflammation....
  • Cat's Claw Uncaria tomentosa , Cat's Claw : una de gato
    Tropical Vine : Cat's claw bark is traditionally used for inflammatory arthritis and intestinal complaints such as stomach ulcers....
  • Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica, Stinging Nettle : Nettle, Common Nettle
    herbaceous perennial : Nettles are a potent herb with a long history of use. Stinging nettle contains natural antihistamines that open up constricted bronchial and nasal passages...
  • Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon, Cranberry : cranberry, American cranberry, bog cranberry
    berry : Cranberry may help reduce both urinary tract infections and the amount of dental plaque-causing bacteria in the mouth....
  • Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus, Bilberry : Huckleberry
    Shrub : The huckleberry, cranberry and blueberry, native to North America are close relatives of the bilberry of England. All of these species are members of the Vaccinium genus and share many common traits and healthy properties....
  • Blueberries Vaccinium spp, Blueberries : blueberry, huckleberry, ligonberry
    Perennial shrub : Blueberries are a naturally delicious treat that can be enjoyed without hesitation - a totally guilt free pleasure ...
  • Valerian root Valeriana officinalis, Valerian root :
    Perennial Herb : The Greeks used valerian roots to help them fall asleep, and that use holds up under scientific scrutiny today. For insomnia and nervous anxiety ...
  • Vanilla Vanilla planifolia, Vanilla :
    Vine : Cooking with whole vanilla beans is easy and fun, and many chefs believe it is the only way to experience true vanilla flavor. ...
  • Mullein Verbascum spp., Mullein : Flannel Leaf, Mullein Dock, Aaron's Rod
    Biennial : The ancient reputation that mullein enjoyed in both in Europe and Asia of having the power to exorcise evil spirits may be attributed to the magic mullein oil can perform on a ear ache....
  • Vervain Verbena hastata, V. officinalis, Vervain : Blue Vervain, Wild Hyssop, Simpler's Joy, Herb of the cross
    Perennial Herb : Vervain is useful in many diseases as a pain reliever and natural tranquilizer, an expectorant used to treat chronic bronchitis, and an anti-rheumatic used to relive joint pain....
  • Speedwell Veronica officinalis, Speedwell : common speedwell ,common gypsyweed, Fluellin, Paul's Betony Groundhele
    Perennial Herb : Speedwell can be used in herbal tea cough remedies as an expectorant, and also has diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic properties....
  • Vetiver Oil Vetiveria zizanoides, Vetiver Oil : khus khus
    Grass : Vetiver oil is healing to skin, and reduces stress and tension. The aroma is rich, woody, earthy and sweet....
  • Cramp Bark Viburnum opulus , Cramp Bark : Stagbush, sweet viburnum, guelder-rose, water elder, arrowwood
    deciduous shrub : Black haw and cramp bark act in similar ways and both have a long history of use by Native and pioneer women to prevent threaten miscarriage, relieve uterine cramps, and painful periods...
  • Periwinkle Vinca minor, Periwinkle : lesser periwinkle, myrtle
    Shrub : The leaves, and seeds of the periwinkle contain vincamine, a precursor to the chemical vinpocetine, which is used as a medicinally to enhance memory naturally while the mind ages....
  • Violet Leaf Viola spp, Violet Leaf :
    Perennial WildFlower : Violets and pansies have been used medicinally for ages, and are an important part of traditional folk medicine. ...
  • Mistletoe Viscum coloratum, V. album, Mistletoe : loranthus,European mistletoe, loranthus, mulberry mistletoe
    Parasitic evergreen shrub : Mistletoe extracts have been extensively studied in Europe as a supplemental treatment in cancer therapy....
  • Chaste Tree Vitex agnus-castus, Chaste Tree : Vitex, Chasteberry, Monk's Pepper
    : Chasteberry's normalizing and balancing action is what makes the herb valuable in treating irregular menses and infertility. For chronic problems, it is most effective when taken over a prolonged period of time....
  • Grapes Vitis vinifera, Grapes : Grapeseed
    : Grape skins contain the powerful antioxidant compound resveratrol, which has been shown in studies to protect against the effects of a high fat diet, lowering cholesterol that could lead to heart disease....
  • Ashwagandha root Withania somnifera, Ashwagandha root : Ashwaganda, Ajagandha, Indian ginseng, Winter cherry
    Hardy annual/Tender perennial : It is often touted as the Indian version of ginseng because, like ginseng, ashwaganda is revered as a non-specific tonic, an adaptogen that is used alone or as an ingredient in compounds designed to target a variety of conditions....
  • Yucca Root Yucca spp, Yucca Root : Adam's Needle, Soap Tree, Mojave yucca
    Monocot perennial shrub : Yucca's most promising use is in the treatment of both osteo and rheumatoid arthritis. The steroidal saponins in yucca are used in the production of synthetic steroid drugs....
  • Prickly Ash Zanthoxylum spp, Prickly Ash : Szechuan pepper, chuan jiao, Tooth Ache Tree, yellow wood
    tree : Prickly ash is most often used as a poultice applied to the skin over the area of pain. ...
  • Corn Silk Zea mays, Corn Silk : Indian Corn
    : Corn silks are the silky tassels running the length of an ear of corn. Those same strings you work so hard to get out of an ear of corn soothe and relax the urinary tubes, and are believed to have a beneficial effect on the kidneys....
  • Ginger Root Zingiber officinale, Ginger Root : Luyang Dilaw
    Perennial Monocot reed : Ginger combines well with many herbs, improving taste and potency. Ginger speeds up the delivery of healthy plant chemicals into the bloodstream while adding a spicy, hot zest to your favorite dishes....