North America has an amazing abundance of different climates and habitats
that support many indigenous medicinal plants. Conservationists and herbalists
in the US and Canada are fighting to preserve our native plants, habitats are
being lost not only to urbanization and pollution, but to our own traditions
of exploiting our natural resources as if they were a bottomless well, never
to be depleted. Many important North American medicinal herbs are woodland
species, the uses and knowledge of which was passed along to the colonists
of the New World from the indigenous native tribes. These settlers has also
brought many of their favorite healing plants and herbs with them, and many
European species have become naturalized here,making it hard to tell the natives
from the immigrants in the best American tradition.
Subtropical tree :
Avocados are a favorite food because of the high fat content that gives them
such a creamy, luscious flavor. This puts some dieters off, however, most of
fat is monounsaturated fat,...
Abies balsamea (L.)Mill.
: Christmas tree, North American fir
Evergreen tree :
As a popular Christmas tree the balsam fir is noted for its aromatic needles and pleasing shape. It is even more notable for its benefits and uses in home herbal medicine....
Berberis vulgaris L.
: Huang Lian, Chinese Goldthread, Pepperidge-bush, Daru Haridra
Both Chinese goldthread (native to the mountains of Szechwan province in China) and the barberry known in Europe and North America are rich natural sources of berberine....
perennial herb :
This species of mint has an aroma similar to the citrus Orange Bergamot, but the two are not related. A safe herb to use in both animals and humans. Like most mints, bee balm has a special affinity towards the digestive tract. Bee balm has excellent antib...
deciduous tree :
The nuts make a great snack however it is the bark, leaves and nut husks that are the source of the phytomedicine in black walnut.
Black walnut hull extract is unquestionably one of the best and safest worming agents offered by the plant world. But it ca...
Sanguinaria canadensis L
: red puccoon blood root, pauson
Herbaceous Perennial :
Bloodroot's name is derived from the color of the reddish roots which contain the phytochemical sanguinarine- The red juice from the root is used externally in pastes and salves to remove warts, skin tags, and some skin cancers....
Perennial herb :
Blue cohosh is generally used in combination with other herbs, often black cohosh, to treat menstrual disorders. The herb is one of the traditional herbs often used to induce labor....
: Common Thorough wort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
This Native American remedy for colds and fever was adopted by early settlers to America. Only the advent of aspirin displaced boneset as the popular choice for colds and fever....
deciduous shrub :
Black haw and cramp bark act in similar ways and both have a long history of use by Native and pioneer women to prevent threaten miscarriage, relieve uterine cramps, and painful periods...
: cranberry, American cranberry, bog cranberry
Cranberry may help reduce both urinary tract infections and the amount of dental plaque-causing bacteria in the mouth....
Biennial herbaceous :
Both the leaves and the seeds of the evening primrose contain fragrant oil that plays an important part natural health. Evening primrose is a naturally high source of Gamma-linoleic acid...
Perennial herb :
Feverfew has been used in the treatment of headaches since the first century. It has also been used for inflammation, arthritis, menstrual discomforts, fever, and other aches and pains....
The roots of the fringe tree are dried and used to treat liver and gallbladder disease in traditional American folk medicine, often in combination with barberry and other herbs containing berberine....
: Ren-shen, X-yang-shen, Asian ginseng, Korean ginseng
Herbaceous perennial :
Ginseng is one the best known and widely prescribed herbs in Chinese medicine as a general adaptogenic and restorative tonic. ...
: Woundwort, Aaron's rod, golden rod
Perennial flowering plant :
This common wildflower is a traditional kidney tonic. Goldenrod's
primary aspects are as an anti-inflammatory urinary tract antiseptic, and a treatment
for upper respiratory catarrh....
scrub bush :
Gridelia which grows wild in the Western states is better known as a external skin treatment for rashes, burns and insect bites.
Gridelia was traditionally used for coughs and asthmatic conditions....
Perennial Desert Shrub :
Jojoba oil is absorbed into the skin so well there is no greasy or tacky feel to it. Known for its ability to smooth fine lines and wrinkles, jojoba rejuvenates and rehydrates dry skin...
Herb perennial :
Lovage is an old English garden herb whose use dates from the fourteenth century. ...
: Swamp sassafras, Sweet or White Bay
The beautiful magnolia has a long history of use in the traditional folklore of the South. The preparation of the bark was once official in the U.S. Ph. until the early part of the last century....
Perennial Shrub :
Native to the Amercian Southwest, Mexico and Central America, Lippia graveolens leaves are also used to make a traditional "country tea", that was used to treat respiratory infections and late or scanty periods....
Evergreen shrub :
Herbalists use the immune-stimulating and bacteria fighting properties of Oregon grape root in the treatment of bacterial diarrhea, intestinal parasites, and eye infections. Oregon grape shared many of the properties of goldenseal, but is not botanically ...
Perennial Wildflower :
Pasque flower was listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia at the time Millspaugh published
his "American Medical Plants" in 1882, and was prescribed by both Eclectic physicians and homeopaths...
Perennial herb :
Known popularly as pleurisy root, from its medicinal use against a wide range of respiratory and lung conditions, specifically pleurisy...
: Pokeweed, American nightshade, pigeon berry, chui xu shang lu
herbaceous perennial plant :
Poke root tinctures are used in creams and ointments as a treatment for skin diseases, and the plant has a folklore reputation as a cancer cure that needs further study....
Pumpkin seed oil is a nutritious source of vitamins and minerals and well as both Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. Pumpkin seed may be best known as a natural approach to treating prostate problems....
hardy perennial herb :
The plant has been used for centuries by herbalists as an effective nerve tonic and sedative. Its common uses include relief of nervous tension, anxiety and nerve pain....
: Virginia snakeroot, birthworts, pipevines or Dutchman's pipes
evergreen and deciduous woody vines and herbaceous perennials :
Snakeroot was used in early America in adjunct to quinine to promote perspiration and break fevers, and treat snakebites. Other Aristolochia spp have been used in TCM. ...
Perennial herb :
Polygonatum has been used medicinally by many diverse folk traditions, Native American healers in North America, and in ancient Chinese medicine in Asia in lung, stomach and skin complaints. ...
rhizomatous herbaceous perennial :
Spikenard root has a mild, pleasant licorice like flavor, often used as a substitute for sarsaparilla, though unrelated botanically, Spikenard is a relative of ginseng....
Woody Evergreen Shrub :
Uva ursi contains a considerable amount of tannins ( up to 40 percent) making it one of natures most powerful astringents. Uva usi is a strong herb that should be reserved for those times when a quick intervention is needed....
Perennial herb :
Watercress is a nutritional culinary food that can also be considered a medicinal plant. Watercress can help reduce the
prevalence and duration of colds when included in the diet along with garlic,
onions, and cayenne. It is one of the natural food ...
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** Information on the traditional uses and properties of herbs are provided on this site is for educational use only, and is not intended as medical advice. Every attempt has been made for accuracy, but none is guaranteed. Many traditional uses and properties of herbs have not been validated by the FDA. If you have any serious health concerns, you should always check with your health care practitioner before self-administering herbs. **