The plant commonly called geranium in aromatherapy is actually a pelargonium. Pelargoniums originated in South Africa, and only flourish in temperate climates where the temperature stays above freezing. The plant grows to about 2 feet in height, with serrated leaves and small pink, 5 petaled flowers.
How to Grow Geranium
Likes shady spots in the garden or in hanging baskets. Propagated by means of stem and tip cuttings, or seed.
Many people still call pelargoniums by their common name, scented geraniums, although they have been recognized as their own separate genus. Native to southern Africa, pelargoniums flourish in a warm, often dry climate. The leaves and sometimes flowers of the various cultivars boast the scent of rose, lemon, citrus, mint, fruit, nuts or spices. In the mid-1800's the French discovered they could match the scent of rose oil with the essential oils distilled from rose scented pelargoniums, such as P.radens
and P. odoratissimum.
, and they are still used to this day in modern aromatherapy and perfumery application as a compliments or substitute for the more expensive rose absolute.