Medicinal Herb Chart

Over 499 Healing Herbs - Benefits, Side Effects and Uses



Medicinal Herb Chart


Herbal Nerve Tonic, Nervine

Herbs that directly act upon and the nervous system are nervines. They can act as stimulants, relaxants or have a tonic and resorative effect on the central nervous system, making nervines a sort of "catch-all" category. Many of the these nervines contain volatile essential oils.


  • Angelica root Angelica root Angelica archangelica Choraka
    Biennial/Tender Perennial herb : Angelica is a good herb to add to treatments for colds, congestion, and fevers. Angelica root is warming and stimulating to the lungs, helping to ease chest congestion...
  • Anise Seed Anise Seed Pimpinella anisum Aniseed
    Annual : Sweet and very aromatic, anise is commonly used to break up congestion, ease coughing and relieve gas and indigestion....
  • Arnica oil Arnica oil Arnica montana leopard's bane,mountain tobacco
    Perennial Herb : One of the best known herbal sports medicines, arnica has dramatic results if used immediately after an injury....
  • Asafoetida root Asafoetida root Ferula asafoetida devil's dung, food of the gods, hing, narthex
    : According to ayurvedic medicine, asafoetida is a valuable spice and remedy for nervous disorders, colic, bowel spasms, and for spasmodic coughing....
  • Astragalus root Astragalus root astragalus membranaceus Huang qi , yellow leader
    herbaceous perennial : Astragalus is especially useful for strengthening the body against viral infections of the respiratory tract and heart. ...
  • Bacopa Bacopa Bacopa monnieri Water hyssop, Brahmi
    perennial succulent : A traditional Ayurvedic medicine commonly used to treat mental illness and epilepsy...
  • Basil Basil Ocimum basilicum Sweet Basil
    herb : Stellar culinary herb and aromatherapy oil. Stimulates appetite, uplifts mood. The uses of basil are limited only by your imagination....
  • Bay Laurel Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis Sweet Bay, True Laurel
    Tree : Bay laurel is the source of the ancients' crowns and wreaths for heroes. Bay leaf oil is used to treat arthritic aches and pains, lower back pain, earaches, and sore muscles and sprains....
  • Belladonna Belladonna Atropa belladonna Deadly nightshade
    Perennial sub shrub : Belladonna, or deadly nightshade is no longer used in herbal medicine. Its leaves, roots and black berries are dangerous....
  • Bogbean Bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata Buckbean, March Clover
    : Bogbean is a traditional herb for the treatment of rheumatism, osteo-arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis....
  • Boneset Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Common Thorough wort, Agueweed, Indian Sage
    : This Native American remedy for colds and fever was adopted by early settlers to America. Only the advent of aspirin displaced boneset as the popular choice for colds and fever....
  • Borage Seed Oil Borage Seed Oil Borago officinalis
    Annual herb : Borage seed oil is used both as skin treatment and a dietary supplement. Known for its naturally high GLA content, borage is recommended for use in autoimmune conditions....
  • Bugleweed Bugleweed Lycopus spp. Water Horehound, Gypsywort
    Perennial herb : Bugleweed is useful in many heart and vascular system disorders ,hyperthyroid conditions and breast pain. ...
  • Calamus root Calamus root Acorus calamus Sweet Sledge. Sweet Myrtle, Sweet Flag
    perennial wetland monocot : Sweet flag, or calamus has been in use worldwide in Asian European and Native American herbal traditions since the times of ancient Greece...
  • Carrot, Wild Carrot, Wild Daucus carota L. Wild Carrot; Queen Anne's Lace; Bird's-nest
    Perennial Herb : Domesticated carrots are not the same species as the wild carrot, commonly know as Queen Annes Lace, whose seed is the part used medicinally...
  • Catnip Catnip Nepeta cataria Catmint, Nep,Catnep
    Perennial herb : A harmless high for felines, and beneficial for humans, Catnip leaves contain considerable quantities of vitamins C and E, both excellent antioxidants...
  • Celery Seed Celery Seed Apium graveolens
    herb : Celery seed helps rid the body of uric acid that often causes pain and inflammation in gout and arthritis. It acts as a natural diuretic and helps to increase circulation....
  • Chamomile Chamomile Matricaria recutita Camomile, Chamomilla, German chamomile
    Annual herb : Chamomile is an excellent remedy for any emotional disorders that involve stress, anxiety, and tension. The apple-like aroma relaxes and calms and the tea is used home remedies....
  • Clary Sage Clary Sage Salvia sclarea Clarysage
    Perennial Herb : Clary sage oil is ideal to use on a regular basis in baths or perfumes to revitalize and rejuvenate the body and mind. It is recommended for women who are experiencing hot flashes...
  • Coffee Coffee Coffea arabica java, joe
    : Coffee is probably the most popular drug in the world, Americans consume the equivalent of 500 cups per person...
  • Cramp Bark Cramp Bark Viburnum opulus Stagbush, sweet viburnum, guelder-rose, water elder, arrowwood
    deciduous shrub : Black haw and cramp bark act in similar ways and both have a long history of use by Native and pioneer women to prevent threaten miscarriage, relieve uterine cramps, and painful periods...
  • Damiana Damiana Turnera diffusa
    Perennial subshrub : Damiana is used primarily as an aphrodisiac for both sexes, but it's folklore uses also extend to include treatment for depression and anxiety...
  • Gotu Kola Gotu Kola Centella asiatica (L.) Indian Pennywort, Brahmi
    : Gotu kola is widely used in Ayurvedic medicine and TCM to rejuvenate both mind and body. Clinical experiments have shown that the plant does improve memory, and rejuvenate skin and body tissue....
  • Guarana Guarana Paullinia Cupana
    Tropical Vine : Guarana is used traditionally to enhance energy levels. You will see this herb in many weight loss formulas listed as a thermogenic stimulator...
  • Hemp Oil Hemp Oil Cannabis sativa
    Annual Herb : Perhaps the most valued property of hemp (Cannabis sativa) is its percentage of essential fatty acids, which is higher than any other plant in the world. Although Cannabis sativa is illegal in the United States because of the dried leaves intoxica...
  • Hops Hops Humulus Lupulus Hops
    Perennial vine : Aged hops are sedatives, fresh hops provide bitters that stimulate digestion; these bitters are also found in the aged herb....
  • Hyssop Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis
    Woody perennial : An aromatic and medicinal herb, Hyssop is a good expectorant and antiviral commonly used to treat respiratory conditions such as influenza, sinus infections, colds and bronchitis ...
  • Jamaican Dogwood Jamaican Dogwood Piscidia piscipula Florida Fishposion Tree
    : Jamaican dogwood is well known as a specific for migraine headaches and neuralgia and for treatment of insomnia caused by pain, muscle tension and stress....
  • Joe-pye weed Joe-pye weed Eupatorium purpureum Gravel or kidney root, Trumpet weed, purple or tall boneset
    Perennial : Joe Pye weed is named after a legendary Indian healer who used a decoction of the plant to cure typhus fever in colonial America. ...
  • Juniper Berries Juniper Berries Juniperus communis
    tree : Juniper is used as a mild diuretic to treat to treat urinary problems. Juniper detoxifies the system and helps prevent the buildup of uric acid in cases of gout and rheumatoid arthritis....
  • Lavender Lavender Lavandula spp
    Woody Perennial Herb : Lavender can lift your spirits, help you sleep, relieve pain, kill germs, heal burns and rashes, and help keep annoying insects at bay. Lavender oil is also antibacterial and healing to the skin...
  • Lemon Balm Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis Melissa
    Perennial herb : Lemon balm is an aromatic mint with soothing, calming properties. Drink lemon balm tea when nerves, headaches or mild depression are preventing you from getting a good night's sleep...
  • Lemongrass Lemongrass Cymopogon citratus, C.flexuosus lemongrass
    grass : Lemongrass is a well-known medicinal and culinary herb in the east. In Ayurveda lemongrass with pepper has been used for relief of menstrual troubles and nausea....
  • Linden Linden Tilia spp Lime tree, Basswood
    Deciduous tree : Herbalists recommend linden as a mild tonic for nervousness, insomnia as well as colds and fever. You will find linden often combined with yarrow flowers and sage in cold remedies....
  • Lobelia Lobelia Lobelia inflata Indian-Tobacco. Pukeweed. Asthma Weed.
    Annual Herb : The name Indian Tobacco might have arisen either from the peculiar tobacco-like sensation imparted to the tongue and stomach on chewing the leaves...
  • Lovage Lovage Levisticum officinale
    Herb perennial : Lovage is an old English garden herb whose use dates from the fourteenth century. ...
  • Marjoram,Sweet Marjoram,Sweet Origanum majorana
    perennial herb : Sweet marjoram is a fragrant culinary herb and the sweet, herbaceous essential oil is used in aromatherapy for emotional uplift and soothing nerves...
  • Mistletoe Mistletoe Viscum coloratum, V. album loranthus,European mistletoe, loranthus, mulberry mistletoe
    Parasitic evergreen shrub : Mistletoe extracts have been extensively studied in Europe as a supplemental treatment in cancer therapy....
  • Motherwort Motherwort Leonurus caridica L. Lion's tail, lion's ear
    Perennial herb : The use of motherwort is an old one, the ancient Greeks and Romans honored it for a remedy for both physical and emotional heart troubles, especially when associated with anxiety...
  • Mugwort Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris St. John's Plant
    herbaceous perennial : Mugwort is a favorite herb of wise women, most widely known for its affinity for the female reproductive system. It is used widely both in western and eastern herbal traditions ...
  • Muira puama Muira puama Ptychopetalum olacoides Marapama, potency wood
    : Folklore throughout South America strongly supports muira puama's stimulating properties. It is commonly referred to not only as an aphrodisiac but also as a nerve stimulant that is said to heighten the receptiveness to sexual stimuli, and muira puama is...
  • Nard Oil Nard Oil Nardostachys jatamansi nard, nardin, muskroot, spikenard
    rhizomatous herbaceous perennial : Nard oil was once one of the most widely used oils in ancient Egypt and Biblical times....
  • Oats Oats Avena sativa L. Groats. Oatmeal. Oatstraw
    : Oats have always had a reputation as a wholesome, healthy food. The grain is a rich source of complex sugars used by the body. Green oatstraw teas, oatstraw glycerin tincture, and oatmeal poultices and baths...
  • Orange Orange Citrus sinensis, Citrus spp. Mandarin Orange, Tangerine
    tree : Oranges are a healthy source of vitamin C and other nutrients, as well as one of the most versatile aromatherapy oils. Orange peel is used as a zest in cooking and as a tea....
  • Oregano Oregano Origanum vulgare Wild Marjoram
    herb : Oregano has a very ancient reputation and has been used in both the kitchen and the sickroom since the time of the ancients. Many would be surprised to learn that oregano is ranked first among the culinary herbs in antioxidant power. Many of the ...
  • Pasque Flower Pasque Flower Pulsatilla nuttalliana Pasque Flower, Prairie Crocus
    Perennial Wildflower : Pasque flower was listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia at the time Millspaugh published his "American Medical Plants" in 1882, and was prescribed by both Eclectic physicians and homeopaths...
  • Peppermint Peppermint Mentha piperita Yerba Buena
    Perennial Herb : Peppermint has an antispasmodic effect that soothes stomachaches and relieves gas. Peppermint oil is cooling and analgesic, relieving heat and inflammation while it increases blood flow to the painful area....
  • Pumpkin Seed Pumpkin Seed Cucurbita pepo
    Gourd : Pumpkin seed oil is a nutritious source of vitamins and minerals and well as both Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. Pumpkin seed may be best known as a natural approach to treating prostate problems....
  • Rose Rose Rosa spp
    Perennial : Rose petals suitable for medicinal purposes are deeply rose-colored and fragrant....
  • Rosemary Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
    Woody perennial herb : Amazing, versatile rosemary is valued by cooks, herbalists, aromatherapists, and gardeners alike. Rosemary oil combats mental fatigue, increasing concentration and memory...
  • Rue Rue Ruta graveolens L. Herb of Grace
    Perennial Shrub : One of the oldest and garden plants cultivated for medicinal use, rue was valued as a country simple for its ability to ward off toxins and pests. The use of rue as a medicinal herb has declined in modern times due to it's toxicity ...
  • Sage Sage Salvia officinalis
    Perennial Woody Herb : Sage is a well-regarded herb for relieving the hot flashes of menopause. Sage is used both as a culinary herb and medicinal herb. Sage essential oil is used sparely...
  • Skullcap Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora Virginian skull cap, mad-dog skull cap, scullcap
    hardy perennial herb : The plant has been used for centuries by herbalists as an effective nerve tonic and sedative. Its common uses include relief of nervous tension, anxiety and nerve pain....
  • Spearmint Spearmint Mentha spicata Spear mint
    : Spearmint has much the same properties as peppermint, but is milder and good for use with children's complaints. Spearmint tea will relieve hiccough, flatulence as well as indigestion. ...
  • St. John's Wort St. John's Wort Hypericum perforatum
    Perennial Shrub : St. Johns Wort has a demonstrated ability to act as an antidepressant, but this versatile herb also has dozens of chemical compounds that disinfect and heal wounds as well....
  • Tea Tea Camellia sinensis Green Tea, Black tea
    Evergreen Shrub : Black tea, Oolong/Wu long tea and green and white teas are all from the same plant, Camellia sinensis. The health benefits of tea are mainly credited to the catechin polyphenols, particularly epigallocatechin gallate, or (EGCG). Plant ...
  • Thuja oil Thuja oil Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae, tree of life, white cedar, yellow cedar, American cedar
    evergreen coniferous tree : Thuja may be used in hot compresses and steam baths to ease rheumatism, arthritis, and achy muscles....
  • Thyme Thyme Thymus vulgaris Common Thyme, Wild Thyme
    Woody Perennial Herb : Thyme is one of the best herbs to use as a cough and cold remedy, addressing all your cold symptoms in a holistic way. Thyme acts to clear the lungs of congestion...
  • Valerian root Valerian root Valeriana officinalis
    Perennial Herb : The Greeks used valerian roots to help them fall asleep, and that use holds up under scientific scrutiny today. For insomnia and nervous anxiety ...
  • Vervain Vervain Verbena hastata, V. officinalis Blue Vervain, Wild Hyssop, Simpler's Joy, Herb of the cross
    Perennial Herb : Vervain is useful in many diseases as a pain reliever and natural tranquilizer, an expectorant used to treat chronic bronchitis, and an anti-rheumatic used to relive joint pain....
  • Violet Leaf Violet Leaf Viola spp
    Perennial WildFlower : Violets and pansies have been used medicinally for ages, and are an important part of traditional folk medicine. ...
  • Wild lettuce Wild lettuce Lactuca virosa Bitter lettuce, Opium Lettuce
    Biennial herb : Wild lettuce contains a sedative milky latex that can induce opium like sensations. Wild lettuce is a valuable remedy for insomnia and muscular arthritis....
  • Wood Betony Wood Betony Stachys officinalis
    Perennial herb : Though this nearly forgotten mint has become increasingly rare modern herbal medicine, wood betony was once considered almost a panacea by the elder herbalists....
  • Wormwood Wormwood Artemisia absinthium L.
    Perennial Herb : Wormwood is used today mainly as a bitter tonic, and in natural pest control. As the name implies, wormwood is a powerful worming agent that has been used for hundreds of years to expel tapeworms, threadworms, and especially roundworms from dogs, cats, hu...
  • Yarrow Yarrow Achillea millefolium Milfoil, Old Man's Pepper, Nosebleed
    Perennial herb : Yarrow is one of the best-known herbal remedies for fevers and bleeding. The chemical makeup of yarrow is complex, containing many active medicinal compounds ...