Senna alexandrina Mill.
- Common Names
- Senna , gyptian Senna, Tinnevelly Senna
- Botanical Name
- Senna alexandrina Mill.
Medicinal Uses & Benefits of Senna
How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|
- Medicinal Uses: * Constipation
- Properties: * Laxative
How to Use:
Senna is a reliable and quite powerful laxative. The active principles of senna are anthraquinone glycoside which act primarily on the colon. The plant also contains some mucilage and tartrates that enhance the laxative action. Senna pods have a gentler action than the leaves. (Weiss, Rudolf Fritz M.D.)
Preparation Methods & Dosage :Senna leaves are not well tolerated in high doses (over 1-2g) due to the resins contained they contain. Leaf tea should be made with cold water leaving it to stand for some time so that the resins are not extracted.
Side Effects: If you experience cramping, you have taken too much. Do not use for extended periods. Senna must be taken with adequate fluids. Safety not established in pregnancy.
- Plant Class: Shrub: Senna was included by Linnaeus in the Cassia plant family Senna angustifolia but is now classified with the legumes in the family Fabaceae.
- Flowers/Fruit/Seeds: Interior racemes of Large, yellow blossoms followed by fruit pods that are horned, broadly oblong, compressed and flat and contain about six seeds.
- Parts used: Pods and Leaves
- Leaves: Edged compound leaves form complex, feathery, mutual pairs along the leaf stalk. The midribs are equally divided at the base of the leaflet.
- Habit: Under 2 m tall branched, pale-green erect stem
- Flowering Season:
- Distribution: Native to Egypt, especially in the Nubian region, and near Khartoum (Sudan), where it is cultivated commercially. It is also cultivated elsewhere, notably in India and Somalia.